. Ah. Two examples of language variation—what linguists have dubbed the “leveled ‘was’” (“We was going to the store”) and the “quotative ‘be like’” (“She was like, ‘That’s great’”)—illustrate the types of changes occurring in Appalachian dialects, and the forces behind those changes. https://www.wideopencountry.com/10-appalachian-english-sayings-translated However, looking across generations at the end of the 20th century, usage rates of the leveled “was” declined. Thanks, Trevor! **Overview of regional dialects and area studies. Laps = the branches of a tree. I’ve heard it from a born & bred Marylander with no particular connections to the West Coast that I know of. On investigation, this turns out to be good old familiar “God”, etymologically nativized by the child (the LOT vowel also being different). I think I may have said this elsewhere one day, but I think it’s interesting that this historical matter is now phrased as “How did nonrhotic dialects come to be in America?” In my long-ago youth, the question was taken up from the other end: “How did rhotic dialects come to survive, let alone predominate, in America?” That, I suppose, represented the viewpoint of the days when a large bulk of American academics hailed from the New York-Boston corridor. The Kanji Site My name is Steve Dodson; I'm a retired copyeditor currently living in western Massachusetts after many years in New York City. The trouble is that r-insertion is perfectly predictable, so you don’t really need that. Wordorigins 3-Pennsylvania German R: have a look at this article, especially pages 275-276: https://read.dukeupress.edu/modern-language-quarterly/article/8/3/267-289/20052. The Ozark dialect is largely derived from the Appalachian dialect, and the two dialects remain remarkably similar. I wouldn’t argue that Scotch-Irish speech had a negligible impact on Appalachian speech but I would definitely argue that most of what makes the sound of Appalachian speech distinctive from other forms of American English comes from southwestern England — via 17th-century indentured servants who emigrated to Virginia from the southwestern counties — rather than from Northern Ireland. (Presumably the Bavarian ended up letting the North German borrow the ax, but the passage doesn’t say.). But hatchets are also used by children who are too short and weak to handle axes. Frozen in time? wood s lot † My grandmother, born in the 1880s in Nebraska, used a-prefixing, so it’s not, or hasn’t always been, confined to Appalachian speech. Is Outer-/inner Mongolian a one way filter like that? It’s a lot of fun even if you don’t bake, which I don’t. No American would say that, because with no written r we won’t supply an /r/. Here we run into deep-seated issues. Vasmer's etymological dictionary(Russian) (But in RP I think it’s possible to drop the schwa.). But whatever explains the data by the simplest rules. Since, as I said, all consciousness that there was an /r/ in words like ‘father’ disappeared, the /r/ that occurred in ‘father in’ was reinterpreted as a linking r and generalised to all such environments (words ending in /o:/ /a:/, /ǝ:/, or /ǝ/ and followed by a vowel in the next word). MetaFilter Far Outliers Box 947 Emory, VA 24327-0947 fmitchel@ehc.edu F or example, languages contrast greatly in their number of consonants, from the six in the Papuan language Rotokas to the 122 in the southern African language ǃXóõ. 152.) whether it was supposed to suggest a particular non-rhotic vowel, or whether it was pronounced like the intrusive /r/ in “warsh.”. Try using some of these Appalachian words in a sentence of your own! Or at least a strictly phonetic one. Here is a look at some of the best Appalachian sayings to entertain you. This accounts for ‘the idear of’ and ‘sawr in’. Nynorsk dra(ga) – dreg – drog – har drege. (Even Brazilians have told me that they can’t understand Portuguese Portuguese.) As David pointed out, the dropping of r’s resulted in a rearrangement of homonyms, as it were. In that case, let me recommend The Great British Bake Off. Right, not the (traditional) short vowels. Meanwhile, bear in mind that the Southern Mountain Dialect is a legitimate dialect of the English language, and not a marker of intelligence or cultural inferiority. It’s not /i:/. Either they READ the non-rhotic tater spelling, as with Shar-day, Burma, and supplied an /r/ in speech, or they HEARD non-rhotics saying tayta and assumed that their corresponding word should have an /r/ in it, and made it so. By the same token, English people sometimes write Chicargo, pronouncing it of course the same as Chicago. Digital Dictionaries of South Asia 1. Nick Jainschigg ScriptSource His 1890 short story “A Sappho of Green Springs” is particularly interesting in this context, since its central characters are the editor of a San Francisco literary magazine The Excelsior, a middle-aged woman who turns out to be the author of verses sent to him under the pseudonym White Violet “from a remote village in the Coast Range”, and a lumberman from Medocino who falls in love with the poet sight unseen. We listened to samples of different people speaking from different places in the South and in North Carolina, and we discussed several common phrases to the Stokes County area. Which makes this a definitive argument: Actually, the vowel in ‘bear’ is the long version of that in ‘bed’. 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