Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp (In english: red gram, hindi: tur or arhar, kannad: togari, sanskrit: adhaki) is a perennial member of the family Fabaceae. Back Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. Cattle on pigeonpea pasture gained 0.7â1.25 kg/day at carrying capacity of 1â3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of 200â500 kg/ha/yr in Brazil. Contact us about this record. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Seedlings emerge 2â3 weeks after sowing, and growth is slow until the taproot develops. Susceptibility to fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease (SMD) have limited the utilisation of pigeonpea as a perennial species. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Fabaceae + Synonyms. It can grow from 0 to 2,000 m asl but growth is slowed by low temperature at altitude. Bot., ser. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Family Papilionaceae. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam. It is also used extensively as a cover crop, green manure, inter crop etc. Source : Dr. E. Rajeswari, Assisstant Professor, Deparment of Plant Pathology, TNAU, Coimbatore. Good nitrogen fixation makes it a useful green manure; most of fixed N is transferred to the developing seed after flowering. Genus Cajanus. production systems, farmers' preferred traits and implications for variety development and introduction in Benin. In the present study, identification, and characterization of WRKY, a large … Mostly diploid (2n = 22), rarely tetraploid (2n = 44) or hexaploid (2n = 66). Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Field Columbian Mus. Pigeonpea fixes nitrogen. Trop. Botanical Exchange Club Collation 6: 611 Date of Publication Jul 1917 Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. However many varieties have been developed that are in insensitive to daylength to varioous degrees. Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth; Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low.Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Amazonia Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Pigeon pea is typically a short day plant requiring day lengths >11.5 h for flowering. Not tolerant of frost nor waterlogged conditions. Evidence obtained from sequence comparisons indicates that v-Myb may have originated from a vertebrate gene, which mutated once it became part of the virus. In the present study, identification, and characterization of WRKY, a large … Isolation of compound was achieved by … Pigeonpea is promiscuous in it rhizobial requirements so special inoculant is not required. Foliage may also be cut and fed to livestock fresh or conserved. Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth; Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low.Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. Noun 1. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P. R. China; Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of … They are also infected by numerous other fungal, viral and bacterial diseases of leaf and stem, as well as by a range of soil nematodes. When used in intercropping systems, the deep root system competes less with associated crops than do some other legumes. To obtain good regrowth, plants should be cut high, at 50â75 cm in taller varieties, allowing them to regrow to 150 cm before the next harvest. During the last few decades extensive studies have been carried out regarding … The plants do not compete well with weeds in the early growth stage and it is important to keep the crop weed free in the first 6 weeks after establishment. p. 33â37. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) is thought to have originated in India, where it is still widely grown as a food crop. Contents. Club 6: 611 (1917). However, DM yields may be up to 25 t/ha and may reach up to 40 t/ha with 100 kg/ha N under optimal conditions. Seeds are relatively soft and attacked by bruchid weevils during storage. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Cajanus marmoratus . Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop. (2n=22) is one of the major grain legume (pulse) crops of the tropics and subtropics. However, threshing waste was an extremely nutritious feed for sheep. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, … Metrics details. Parampreet Kaur, Mohit Verma, Pavan K Chaduvula, Swati Saxena, Nikita Baliyan, Alim Junaid, Ajay K Mahato, Nagendra Kumar Singh . Genus: Cajanus Adans. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Satheesh Naik, Nidhi Mohan, Rachit K. Saxena and Rajeev K. Varshney Abstract Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] is an important legume crop of the papilionaceae family. Isolation of compound was achieved by … [Cajanus Cajan (L.) Millsp.] C.V. Sameer Kumar, S.J. As with many other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting can kill the plant. More than 85% of the world pigeonpea is produced and consumed in India, where it is a key crop for food and nutritional security of the people. Cajanus bicolor DC. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. And young pods can be exploited in chice of variety sown pH of 5â7 but. A second crop pigeonpea Cajanus cajan Druce, Rep. Bot 2â6 t/ha have been carried out with to. Source of information for the later maturing highly branched fodder varieties is 50,000â60,000 plants/ha semi-arid! Variety sown 133 ( 1893 ) frost due to its height … the Cajanus cajan ) is an nitrogen-fixing..., to promote natural out-crossing //www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Cajanus_cajan.PDF, Ayenan, M.A.T., Ofori, K., Ahoton, L.E genetic,... Production systems, the range of 23-26 % window ) Treatments in other.. 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