The Middle Ages - 1066 and all that. colonialism in kolkata-gothic revival,indo saracenic. These six colonial-era buildings are striking reminders of a Calcutta (present-day Kolkata) that served as capital to British India. With the exception of the central areas where Europeans formerly lived, the city has grown haphazardly. Kolkata Town Hall: Constructed in the Roman Doric style, the Town Hall was built with funds raised through a lottery. The British followed various architectural styles – Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian being the essentials. The term ‘ brutalism ’ is derived from ‘Béton brut’ (raw concrete ) and was first used in architecture by Le Corbusier . Featuring gothic architecture and stained-glass windows, the pristine-white cathedral was built to tend to Calcutta’s growing European community in the early-19th century. Traditionally, British wainscot was made of oak—imported from Russia, Germany, or Holland—and wainscot oak remains a term for select, quartersawn oak for paneling. SONAKSHI BHATTACHARJEE(114AR0024) If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Brutalist architecture is a counterpoint to the international style, using substantial materials such as exposed concrete, brick and stone and creating works with a massive, monumental quality. It … There exact periods are disputed, even where they roughly correlate with the reign of specific monarchs. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. STYLE • Indo Saracenic Revival Architecture - Architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century in British India. The former British capital of India, Kolkata, is known for its artistic brilliance, exceptional architecture, and legendary literary landscape. Kolkata’s grand old family homes used to house entire generations. One of India’s most historic and cosmopolitan cities, Kolkata has been at the center of activity of various civilizations at different points in time. From what started out as an all-out endeavor to mark superiority slowly changed into accepting and acknowledging the ‘Indian way’. Kolkata - Kolkata - City layout: The most striking aspect of the layout of Kolkata is its rectangular north-south orientation. Tudor architecture is the final style from the medieval period in England between the 1400s-1600s. The Indo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo- Gothic , Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, or Hindu-Gothic) was an architectural style and movement by British architects in the late 19th century. Raj Bhavan during the bygone era was the representative of the British imperialism. It was used for social gatherings. Architecture is about evolution, not revolution. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Built in 1847, this is said to be the largest cathedral in India’s City of Joy. It has a decorative or protective function and is usually of wood, although tile and marble have at times been popular. There are two broad ways to label the colonial structures in … In most British colonial However, the colonial-era building has a history that’s just as interesting. Credit: Alamy. The periods listed below are representative of the prominence of very broad architectural styles in England. SUCHETANA CHAKRAVARTY(114AR0025). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Development of colonial architecture in india, No public clipboards found for this slide. An overview of the British Colonial Architecture One of the earliest architectural influences of the British colonial rule is seen on the churches. Before this, Anglicans depended on the much smaller St. John’s Cathedral that had been built in 1787. Belvedere House is thought to have been built by Mir Jafar Ali Khan, the Nawab (ruler) of Bengal during the 1760s, who then transferred it to the British East India Company. MITHILESH MANDAL (114AR0006) See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Extraordinary wealth of European-style architecture from the eighteenth century to the middle of the twentieth. One such building complex in central Kolkata presently houses commercial offices, banks, private firms and had earlier housed airlines offices. While today the Writers’ (as it’s also known) houses the State Government of West Bengal, it has served multiple functions over the past centuries. The monument is famed for having the first ever elevator of Kolkata. Architectural Importance. Warren Hastings House is counted among the famous heritage structures of Kolkata which replicate simple cubical western architectural style of British era. It is a two storeyed building which comprises several living rooms in … The rooms on the ground floor of the library is used for collecting and storing the books. Large populations of Chinese, Armenian, Jewish, and other immigrant communities have all called Kolkata home, and the city’s stunning architecture pays testament to its social, political, and cultural richness. Designed by British architect Walter Granville, the structure is said to be modeled on the, Victoria Memorial Hall, 1 Queens Way, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700071, India, Cathedral Road, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700071, India, Kolkata Town Hall Esplanade Row West, B.B.D. Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. The ornate architecture cost the British a lofty sum of Rs. The Writers’ Building in Kolkata attracts thousands of tourists from across the world, drawn to its stunning architecture and design. Built in 1813 to provide a place for Calcutta’s European community to gather for social events, the Kolkata Town Hall is today among the best-known buildings in the city. The colonial history is engrained in the DNA of Kolkata, a city famous for a memorial dedicated to a British queen. Raj Bhavan during the bygone era was the representative of the British imperialism. A typical use of wainscot appears in early English Renaissance mansions where oak paneling to a height of 8 or 10 feet (2.5 to 3 m) was installed and hung with paintings or armour. Howrah Station: Constructed first in the British period, the Howrah Station housed the second railway line linking Calcutta with Bardhaman coal fields. The Victorian era consisted of various British architectural styles, including Medieval and Renaissance. The monument is famed for having the first ever elevator of Kolkata. English architectural stylistic periods - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Wainscot, interior paneling in general and, more specifically, paneling that covers only the lower portion of an interior wall or partition. This architectural style is commonly used in administrative buildings. It reveals the beauty of Gothic revival architecture. The General Post Office, overlooking Dalhousie square east, is perhaps the finest looking buildings in Kolkata today. Kolkata Town Hall Kolkata Town Hall was constructed in the year 1813 in Roman Doric architectural style. The 1930s semi is one of the most common housing styles you see in Britain today and is recognised by a … The British followed various architectural styles – Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian being the essentials. It drew elements from native Indo-Islamic and Indian architecture and combined them with Gothic revival and Neo-Classical styles favored in Britain. The molding along the upper edge is It is a two story building which comprises a big gallery on the upper floor, conveyed with many halls. With the growth of their empire, the British became increasingly inclined to make cities like Calcutta, Bombay and Madras develop the architectural style of Europe because 1) It expressed the British desire to create a familiar landscape. Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. British colonial architecture in India — from the British India period (c.1610s−1947) in present-day India and Pakistan. Made in Roman Doric style, the building was used for judicial purpose in the latter half of the 19th century, while the Calcutta High Court was under construction. According to Gullick (2000), before the Second World War, the British had started to make its impact in Malaya’s architecture. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. According to Gullick (2000), before the Second World War, the British had started to make its impact in Malaya’s architecture. The architecture and the decor of the monument have a majestic appeal. A distinctive architectural style of this period consisted of homes with pebbledashed walls, recessed porches, and mock timber framing, inspired by the Arts and Crafts designs. mixture of the British and Moghul Architectural style (Indian Muslim) in India. https://www.goroadtrip.com/blog/6-british-monuments-in-kolkata This architectural style is commonly used in administrative buildings. The architecture of England is the architecture of modern England and in the historic Kingdom of England.It often includes buildings created under English influence or by English architects in other parts of the world, particularly in the English and later British colonies and Empire, which developed into the Commonwealth of Nations. The Victoria Memorial is Kolkata's standout building and blends elements of British Victorian and Indian architecture. It drew elements from native Indo- Islamic and Indian architecture, and combined it with the Gothic revival and neo-classical styles favoured in Victorian Britain. (ENGLISH COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE) ... when Kolkata was the hub of British colonial rule. KOLKATA By the mid-1850s, Calcutta had developed into two areas that essentially segregated the inhabitants by color. Mumbai- A forgotten port because of its weather, was renovated after the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. William Emerson, the then president of the Royal Institute of British Architects was the chief architect of the memorial that was designed in Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. They were the affluent class and challenged the conservative style of living in colonial Calcutta. Tudor and mock-Gothic building styles enjoyed a revival and the early part of the period involved highly-elaborate detailing. Located in Kolkata, St. Paul’s Cathedral features a unique architectural style. This haphazard development is most noticeable in the fringe areas around the central core formed by the city of Kolkata and the suburb of Haora. The style encompassed a blend of British architectural style with that of Egyptian, Venetian, Deccani, Mughal and other Islamic styles. We see a plethora of architectural styles that have developed in India throughout history. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Being the seat of Calcutta’s Diocese, its cornerstone got laid in … The house is formerly decorated in while colour. The imperial building today is the base of the Indian army of the eastern wing and Eastern Command Head Quarter of Indian Army. Visits the major centres of British power, still India’s leading cities – Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. For our ease, we need to first phase out the development of architecture in India. While the Tudor Arch or the Four-Centred Arch is the distinguishing feature most people would recognise the timber-framed houses of the Tudor era. http://animeshray.com/restoration-of-esplanade-mansions/, 1. In addition to a museum, the town hall also houses a reference library, with over 12,000 books and journals, including some very rare editions. But over the years, the architectural styles evolved. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. British colonial architecture in India — from the British India period (c.1610s−1947) in present-day India and Pakistan. British colonial architecture hence came into the picture the very instant that the British set shop in India. Extraordinary wealth of European-style architecture from the eighteenth century to the middle of the twentieth. 6,30,510 and was particularly noted for its domed roof and the 28 corinthian pillars. Before this, Anglicans depended on the much smaller St. John’s Cathedral that had been built in 1787. Featuring gothic architecture and stained-glass windows, the pristine-white cathedral was built to tend to Calcutta’s growing European community in the early-19th century. The Tudor architectural style is the final development of medieval architecture in England, and also the tentative introduction of Renaissance architecture. Architecture of the British Raj - Evolution of styles in Mumbai, Kolkata & Delhi. The plan comprises a central core with four radiating wings. Presently, it is considered as the 2nd largest library in Asian continental. The building of national Library is a beautiful house designed with distinctive English architectural style of 19th century. Approaches to architecture became simpler towards the end of the era. Kolkata Town Hall Kolkata Town Hall was constructed in the year 1813 in Roman Doric architectural style. Visits the major centres of British power, still India’s leading cities – Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. Bagh Kolkata, West Bengal, 700001, India. The babus were neo-urban, high-class, flamboyant Bengali gentlemen — a class that came into being as a result of close interactions with the British in the late 18th and 19th century. The architecture replicates the cubical western architectural style of British era. Belvedere Road, Block A, Alipore, Kolkata, Belvedere Estate | © Biswarup Ganguly / WikiCommons, We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. Gothic and neo-classical style was in rage and many of the structures in the Presidency of Bengal, Madras and … The architecture and the decor of the monument have a majestic appeal. It has impressive scenery over outstretchedstructure. This CNI church has an Anglican background in the heart of Kolkata. The Fort found in the Eastern banks of River Hooghly, Calcutta (Kolkata) is William Fort, which is truly an architectural splendor that depicts the beauty of architectural excellence during British India. The British “White Town” included many of the colonial buildings and municipal offices still in use today, while “Black Town” was comprised of large parts of North Kolkata, including old rajbaris, the houses of influential locals. Construction & Architecture. Indo-Saracenic architecture (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, Hindoo style) was a revivalist architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government buildings in the British Raj, and the palaces of rulers of the princely states. While the aforementioned building, the Victoria Memorial, is a distinguishing feature of the city, there are quite a few structures that now lie in different stages of decay. Standing tall as the cultural and intellectual hub of India, this fascinating city invites you to witness its diversity and experience the joy of immersing yourself in its ancient culture and historical monuments. With the growth of their empire, the British became increasingly inclined to make cities like Calcutta, Bombay and Madras develop the architectural style of Europe because 1) It expressed the British desire to create a familiar landscape. Mumbai- A forgotten port because of its weather, was renovated after the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. 2) British felt that it would … To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK". Architecture of the British Raj - Evolution of styles in Mumbai, Kolkata & Delhi. Home to the National Library Of India, the largest library in the country by volume, the Belvedere Estate is believed to have been constructed in the mid-18th century. The oldest High Court in India, this establishment was set up in 1862 – although the neo-gothic building it’s housed in wasn’t constructed until 10 years later. Bagh Kolkata, West Bengal, 700001, India, 3 Esplanade Row West, B.B.D. mixture of the British and Moghul Architectural style (Indian Muslim) in India. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Warren Hastings House is still renowned as one of the amazing heritage structures of Kolkata. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Click `` OK '' mixture of the British Raj - Evolution of styles in.! Central core with four radiating wings uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide a better more. Old family homes used to House entire generations 3 Esplanade Row West, B.B.D British a lofty sum Rs... 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See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details our ease we... The earliest architectural influences of the British and Moghul architectural style of British power, India! The Imperial building today is the distinguishing feature most people would recognise the houses.

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