However, the historical Black and African American experience in America has and continues to be characterized by trauma and violence more often than for their White counterparts and impacts emotional and mental health of both youth and adults. Write About List of Famous African Americans. Overall, mental health conditions occur in Black and African American (B/AA) people in America at about the same or less frequency than in White Americans. Invented an automatic lubricator for oiling the steam engines of locomotives, boats, etc. First player to win MVP awards in both National, American leagues. Lew Alcindor; NBA`s all-time leading scorer. Dubbed the "Mother of the modern-day Civil Rights Movement.". the "Brown Bomber;" heavyweight boxing champion. ), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=100_Greatest_African_Americans&oldid=1000111122, Articles needing additional references from October 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "significance in the general progress of African-Americans toward full equality in the American social and political system", "self-sacrifice and a willingness to take great risks for the collective good", "unusual will and determination in the face of great danger and against the most stubborn odds", "a consistent posture toward raising the social, cultural and economic status of African Americans", "personal achievement that reveals the best qualities of the African American people", This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 16:57. Most famous piece was Maple Leaf Rag, set standard for ragtime genre. Explore articles and videos of some of the most prominent African Americans in politics, the arts, law, science and sports who have made Black History what it is today. Shuffle Along (with Noble Sissle), in 1921, was the first Broadway musical ever to be written and directed by African Americans. A.K.A. First African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. Mary McLeod Bethune was an African American educator and civil rights leader best known for her work co-founding the Bethune-Cookman University in Florida. The "Big Dipper;" regarded as one of the most dominant basketball players of all time. From their earliest presence in North America, African Americans have significantly contributed literature, art, agricultural skills, cuisine, clothing styles, music, language, and social and technological innovation to American culture. There is no more powerful force than a people steeped in their history. Best known for his comic strip Krazy Kat. African Americans have influenced various forms of music, including Hip hop, R&B, funk, rock and roll, soul, blues, and other contemporary American musical forms while older black forms of music included blues, doo-wop, barbershop, ragtime, bluegrass, jazz, and gospel music. African Americans Under Slavery: 1600-1865 The first Africans in the New World arrived with Spanish and Portuguese explorers and settlers. Cassius Clay; three-time heavyweight boxing champion; crowned Sportsman of the (20th) Century by Sports Illustrated. Known for deep bass voice, suave delivery. In 1831, led failed slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia; the most remarkable instance of black resistance to enslavement. Prominent member of the Black Panther party; author of Soul on Ice. "Father of Pan-Africanism" with issues of segregation, political disenfranchisement. Walker Manufacturing Company to sell hair care products and cosmetics. [1], (This is the list as published in the 2002 book. "The Say Hey Kid," played center field; Hall of Famer; regarded as one of the finest players ever to have played the game. DuBois, paved the way with their own contributions in the century's first decades. Created the "Rainbow Coalition" of various minority groups. The culture is used as their identity to differentiate them from the colored and white people. Jackie Robinson - First African-American to play in Major League Baseball Augusta Savage - Artist during the Harlem Renaissance Robert Smalls - Civil War hero who later became a Congressman Sojourner Truth - An escaped slave who fought for the end of the slavery and women's rights Successful in a number of styles; member of the Gospel Music Hall of Fame. George Washington Buckner. Contralto, best remembered for her performance on Easter Sunday, 1939, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. First African American to serve as diplomatic minister to a foreign country. And there is no higher cause than honoring our struggle and ancestors by remembering. First African-American woman to be a competitor on the world tennis tour. "Queen of Soul;" first woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, embarrassing German dictator Adolf Hitler. Recorded more than 30 Top-10 hits, won nearly two dozen Grammys, including one for lifetime achievement; been inducted into both the Rock and Roll, Songwriters halls of fame. A.K.A. Mario deValdes y Cocom, an historian of the African diaspora, researched some of history's more interesting examples of mixed racial heritage: Allessandro de Medici Giulia and Giulia's Portrait. Tolkien (1892-1973). Best remembered as a champion of the "Back-to-Africa" movement. Famous people with African Connection. Boxer; war protester; member, Nation of Islam; civil rights protester; poet. Thought little change was achieved in the ‘Progressive Era’, Du Bois laid the framework for the NAACP and future civil rights movements. 7. The "Black Babe Ruth;" catcher; elected to Baseball Hall of Fame, 1972; slugger credited with "about" 800 home runs. This mixture can be evidenced in Latin American countries such as Colombia with Afro-Colombians, Uruguay with Afro-Uruguayans and Venez… Second African American to serve on U.S. Supreme Court. Played in more than 16,000 games in 94 countries for the Globetrotters; succeeded Goose Tatum as the "clown prince" of the Trotters. Co-founder, inspirational leader of the Black Panther party. Mbeki, Thabo South African Vice President. A.K.A. It is important to note, however, that ancestry and physical characteristics are only part of what has set black Americans apart as a distinct group. Entertainer, actor, comic, educator, television producer, philanthropist. The … Sgt. 4. W.E.B. Kennedy Center Honors recipient, most known for her frenetic interpretation of "Proud Mary" by Credence Clearwater Revival. El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz; one-time Nation of Islam leader. Best known for her autobiographical writings I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969); All God`s Children Need Traveling Shoes (1986). Politician, civil rights activist, minister. One of the key figures behind the formation of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). Vaudeville singer, dancer, pianist, actress, blues singer. Controversial quote, "Hitler was a very great man;" in response to a Jewish journalist referring to him as a "Black Hitler.". Elijah McCoy. College All-American in football, lacrosse; Pro Football Hall of Fame running back. American history resonates with the names of great African American men and women. Won the Nobel Peace Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom before assassination in 1968; known for advocating non-violence, racial equality; peacemaker, martyr. Hall of Fame pitcher; voted to the all-20th-century team. First black Congressman from the Democratic Party. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/100_Greatest_African_Americans Fought in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in the Spanish Civil War. Known for his novel, Go Tell it on the Mountain. Sgt. In addition, the study of African-American history is part of a well-rounded homeschool curriculum. As the African American Community diversifies and splinters, … Founder of the first independent black Christian denomination in the U.S., the A.U.M.P. Consider these five reasons to teach Black History year round. It is implemented on their music, writing style, painting, art, clothes, hairstyle and many more. By contrast, 31% of African American students and 27% of Hispanic students did not finish high school with their peers. Was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz after World War II. 1844-1929. African Americans - African Americans - Slavery in the United States: Black slaves played a major, though unwilling and generally unrewarded, role in laying the economic foundations of the United States—especially in the South. First African-American umpire in Major League Baseball. Considered by many baseball observers to have been the fastest man ever to play the game; "So fast he can turn off the light and be in bed before the room gets dark!" Singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian, social activist. Sarah Breedlove; founded the Madame C.J. Taught former slaves farming techniques for self-sufficiency; known for suggesting hundreds of uses for the peanut, other plants. The form of African cultural teaching and transmission is based on oral teaching and imitation. First African-American woman elected to Congress. A.K.A. Was a charismatic, innovative performer with musical skill; bright personality transformed jazz into a popular art form. Best known for the "Bo Diddley beat", a rhumba-based beat. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. The African American culture is very unique. In 1816, founded the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Philadelphia. Obviously, this table provides only a small sample of these courageous Americans; u-s-history.com will continue to add to this list from time to time. A.K.A. Basquiat was born in Brooklyn to a Puerto Rican mother and a Haitian father in 1960. Carney was the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. A.K.A. 6. African stories, fables and oratory traditions have been embedded into American culture, providing a childhood infrastructure for learning and development through the use of nursery rhymes. Civil rights activist, minister, Nobel laureate. Physician and diplomat. Inventor. First African American elected to the U.S. Senate. Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party. 1885-1943. Blacks have served and died in defense of their adopted homeland. Considered the greatest defensive center to ever play the game. Du Bois (1868 – 1963) Du Bois was an influential African-American activist who sought to campaign for full equality between blacks and whites. He rejected the Atlanta compromise of 1909 but insisted on full equality. From the earliest days of the African presence in the United States, blacks have contributed to the fiber of American culture, ranging from useful inventions to innovative musical interludes, and beyond. One of the dominant figures in African-American history from 1890 to 1915; did much to improve the friendship and working relationship between the races. Brought soulful sound to everything from country music to pop standards to now-iconic rendition of "America the Beautiful.". First African American to make vocal blues recordings, in 1920. The cultivation and use of many agricultural products in the United States, such as yams, peanuts, rice, okra, sorghum, grits, watermelon, indigo dyes, and cotton, can be traced to West African and African-American influences. Zulu, Shaka (1787 – 1828). Senator since Reconstruction. When African-American history is studied all year round, children understand that African-American history is important. Poet, novelist, playwright, newspaper columnist. "I'm a Jamaican-born black person but I have taken on this label of African American because of where I live." Widow of the slain civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr.; noted community leader in her own right. Regarded as the best receiver ever to play the game; arguably the greatest football player ever; holder of 38 NFL records. 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