UNESCO. Give more people access to affordable education. Usage: the impact of and practices around customization of OER Led by Assistant Vice Chancellor, Gerard Hanley, and modeled after sister project, MERLOT, SkillsCommons open workforce development content was developed and vetted by 700 community colleges and other TAACCCT institutions across the United States. [81], In August 2006 WikiEducator was launched to provide a venue for planning education projects built on OER, creating and promoting open education resources (OERs), and networking towards funding proposals. Those requiring metrics associated with OER are often those with economic investment in the technologies needed to access or provide electronic OER, those with economic interests potentially threatened by OER,[16] or those requiring justification for the costs of implementing and maintaining the infrastructure or access to the freely available OER. University of Central Florida administrators recently estimated that open educational resources saved their students more than three-quarters of a million dollars over the fall semester. One of the sub-projects of Research on OER for development project aimed to work with teachers from government schools in Karnataka, to collaboratively create OER, including in the Kannada language spoken in the state. "[40] Another license, typically used by developers of OER software, is the GNU General Public License from the free and open-source software (FOSS) community. Limitation of copyright property protection – OER licenses change "All rights reserved." Today, OER initiatives across the United States rely on individual college and university librarians to curate resources into lists on library content management systems called LibGuides. that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing'.[13][14]. By 30 June 2009 the project facilitated 86 workshops training 3,001 educators from 113 different countries. OER need not be created from scratch. [1], The development and promotion of open educational resources is often motivated by a desire to provide an alternate or enhanced educational paradigm. Ellen Kang, an assistant professor in the UCF physics department, said … All the open educational resources are created and contrib… [90] The Saylor Foundation makes use of university and college faculty members and subject experts to assist in this process, as well as to provide peer review of each course to ensure its quality. In order for educational resources to be OER, they must have an open license. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. The network is supported by the Nordic OER project co-funded by Nordplus. Licensed under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons. It goes beyond open educational resources (OER) and open research outputs to embrace strategic decisions, teaching methods, collaboration between individuals and institutions, recognition of non-formal learning and different ways of making content available. The Open Library is the home of open educational resources (OER) in Ontario. Open educational resources (OER) are high-quality learning materials that are published under an open license, making them free for educators to use, repurpose, and share. [31], In September 2007, the Open Society Institute and the Shuttleworth Foundation convened a meeting in Cape Town to which thirty leading proponents of open education were invited to collaborate on the text of a manifesto. OER – freely licensed, remixable learning resources – offer a promising solution to the perennial challenge of delivering high levels of student… Stephen Downes has argued that, from a connectivist perspective, the production of OER is ironic because "in the final analysis, we cannot produce knowledge for people. [18][19] In open education, there is an emerging effort by some accredited institutions to offer free certifications, or achievement badges, to document and acknowledge the accomplishments of participants. Groups provides a flexible environment to organize, create, share, and discuss resources with others in your network. Open educational resources or OERs are learning and teaching materials that are shared online and for everyone openly. The DepEd Open Educational Resources (OER) is an innovative pathway to connect the disconnected schools with its prime role to support the requirements of the K-12 Curriculum. [75] Like the content in OpenStax CNX, OpenStax books are available under Creative Commons CC BY licenses that allow users to reuse, remix, and redistribute content as long as they provide attribution. The created books are freely available to the students in an electronic format or could be legally printed at low cost because there is no license or fees to be paid for their distribution, since they are all released as OER with a Creative Commons CC-BY-SA license. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License. In contrast to user-generated content libraries, OpenStax hires subject matter experts to create college-level textbooks that are peer-reviewed, openly licensed, and available online for free. Valuable teacher time should be used for contextual work and not simply for the creation of content. Search through collections curated by our digital librarians, Common Core resources organized for your needs, Building STEM Literacy and Bright Futures. all within a public or private group. To counter the general dominance of OER from the developed countries, the Research on OER for development (ROER4D) research project, aims to study how OER can be produced in the global south (developing countries) which can meet the local needs of the institutions and people. A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school science classes. OER are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, adaptation, and redistribution by others. While a semantic distinction can be made delineating the technologies used to access and host learning content from the content itself, these technologies are generally accepted as part of the collective of open educational resources.[17]. The platform is easy to access and search, and is full of resources to get started with an OER project at your institution. [123] The aim was to create a model where teachers in public education systems (who number hundreds of thousands in most countries) can collaborate to create and publish OER. An open educational resource (OER) is content that is ‘libre’ (openly-licensed content) and at the same time ‘gratis’ (free of charge). Collaborate. The 21 z-courses that make up an associate of science degree in business administration were launched simultaneously across four campus locations. New OER can be assembled or simply reused or repurposed from existing open resources. Microsites allow your users to search resource collections using a custom taxonomy at a unique URL. into "Some rights reserved. Text taken from Open Educational Resources: Policy, Costs and Transformation, 8, 17, 20–21, Miao, Fengchun; Mishra, Sanjaya; McGreal, Rory, UNESCO. Teachers in all educational sectors require support and guidance to be able to use OER pedagogically and with quality in focus. [28], The term "open educational resources" was first adopted at UNESCO's 2002 Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries. Perceptions: faculty's and students' perceptions of OER. [46], The growing movement of OER has also fostered research activities on OER across the world. At project startup in 2006, increased volume and diversity were seen as significant conditions for the introduction of free learning material in upper secondary education. Open education resources are defined as “teaching and learning materials freely available for everyone to use, whether you are a teacher or a learner” (OER Commons, 2013). Open Author helps you build and publish Open Educational Resources for you and for the benefit of Open licensing allows uses of the materials that would not be easily permitted under copyright alone. [42] MOOCs offer a wide range of courses in many different subjects for individuals to be able to evolve their knowledge and education in an affordable and easy manner.[43]. Open Education Consortium — Join this community of more than 240 schools where you’ll find an OER resource toolkit, webinars, in-person events and links to open textbooks. Open education is a philosophy about the way people should produce, share, and build on knowledge. ", Technology issues – some students may have difficulty accessing online resources because of slow internet connection, or may not have access to the software required to use the materials, Europe – Learning Resource Exchange for schools (LRE) is a service launched by. [44], Creative Commons hosted an open educational resources policy registry, which listed 95 current and proposed open education policies from around the world. The Hewlett Foundation updated its definition to: "Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions[7]". [106], With the advent of growing international awareness and implementation of open educational resources, a global OER logo was adopted for use in multiple languages by UNESCO. [59] GO-GN provides its members with funding and networking opportunities as well as research support. Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO), North Carolina Learning Object Repository, Question and Test Interoperability specification, License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons, "Research Guides: Discovering Open Educational Resources (OER): Home", "The use of technological resources for education: a new professional competency for teachers", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "Higher Education Reimagined With Online Courseware", "Open Educational Resources Serve the World", "Expert Meeting on Open Educational Resources", "FOSS solutions for OER – summary report", "New Free License to Cover Content Online", Throw Away your School Books: Here Comes Textbook 2.0, "For Exposure, Universities Put Courses on the Web", "MIT initiative could revolutionize learning", "CERI - Open Educational Resources: Meetings and Conferences - OECD", "Educators and the Cape Town Open Learning Declaration: Rhetorically reducing distance", "The Cape Town Open Education Declaration", "2nd World OER Congress – Ljubljana – 18–20 September 2017", "Open Chemistry Education Resources: Advantages and Disadvantages", "Copyright and Creative Commons are friends", "Enrol vs. enroll – Correct Spelling – Grammarist", "The COUP Framework – Open Education Group", "Open educational resources and college textbook choices: A review of research on efficacy and perceptions", "A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of post-secondary students", "The Open Learning Initiative: Measuring the Effectiveness of the OLI Statistics Course in Accelerating Student Learning", "The cost and quality of online open textbooks: Perceptions of community college faculty and students", "Spíše Wikipedie než učebnice: Vzorce využívání otevřených vzdělávacích zdrojů studenty environmentálních oborů", "Faculty Perception of Openness and Attitude to Open Sharing at the Indian National Open University", "View of First Year Learning Experiences of University Undergraduates in the Use of Open Educational Resources in Online Learning | the International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning", "OER Research Fellowships – Open Education Group", https://duepublico.uni-duisburg-essen.de/servlets/DerivateServlet/Derivate-25907/OPALReport2011_Beyond_OER.pdf, https://wiki.creativecommons.org/OER_Case_Studies/United_States, http://openstaxcollege.org/news/our-textbooks-have-, http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1153, http://www.col.org/resources/publications/Pages/detail.aspx?PID=421, "Open educational resources programme – phase 2", "Open educational resources programme – phase 1", "Red Flag Way: Exploring copyright protection, TRIPS and Open Source software licensing in the People's Republic of China", "Communiqué: The New Dynamics of Higher Education and Research for Societal Change and Development", "Free Textbooks From Rice OpenStax: Too Good to Be True? [91], In 2010 the University of Birmingham and the London School of Economics worked together on the HEA and JISC funded DELILA project, the main aim of the project was to release a small sample of open educational resources to support embedding digital and information literacy education into institutional teacher training courses accredited by the HEA including PGCerts and other CPD courses. Open Educational Resources OER is a tool to empower teachers and expand access to high-quality learning materials. (Petiška, 2018)[54] The approaches proposed in the COUP framework have also been used internationally (e.g. ", "Wikiwijs: An unexpected journey and the lessons learned towards OER | Schuwer", "Curriki Appoints Kim Jones as New Executive Director to Oversee Next Phase of Growth", "The Purpose of Learning for Content – outcomes and results", "Open Educational Practices and Resources: The OLCOS Roadmap 2012", "Experimenting with MOOCs: Network-based Communities of Practice. http://www.nacs.org/Portals/NACS/Uploaded_Documents/PDF/Research/OCLresults2014.pdf). Create a standalone learning module, lesson, assignment, assessment or activity, Submit OER from the web for review by our librarians. The people who are benefiting from these open education resource initiatives are the people who are producing these resources."[127]. Many of these policies require publicly funded resources be openly licensed. Open educational resources in Canada are the various initiatives related to open educational resources and open education established nationally and provincially in Canada, and with international collaboration. The 500 experts and national delegates from 111 countries adopted the Ljubljana OER Action Plan. Open educational resources can provide access to high-quality resources while offsetting the costs of traditional textbooks. Since its support for open educational resources (OER) began in 2002, our foundation’s goal has always been to equalize access to knowledge by making high quality educational materials and opportunities more broadly available. [82] Its Wikieducator's Learning4Content project builds skills in the use of MediaWiki and related free software technologies for mass collaboration in the authoring of free content and claims to be the world's largest wiki training project for education. In 2001, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), openly discussed the online sharing of faculty-created courseware for free public use to allow for fair access to all. Saudi Arabia had a comprehensive project in 2008 to digitize and improve the Math and Science text books in all k-12 grades. Wiley & Hilton (2018)[9] proposed a new term called "OER-enabled pedagogy", which is defined as "the set of teaching and learning practices that are only possible or practical in the context of the 5R permissions which are characteristic of OER", emphasizing the 5R permissions enabled by the use of open licenses. Learn more about creating OER. of current and likely future developments in OER and recommendations on how various High hopes have been voiced for OERs to alleviate the digital divide between the global North and the global South, and to make a contribution to the development of less advanced economies. "[121], More fundamentally, doubts were cast on the altruistic motives typically claimed by OERs. organize, and share OER collections that meet their common goals. challenges in OER could be addressed. "[71] The organisation has instigated debate on how to apply OERs in practice and chaired vivid discussions on this matter through its International Institute of Educational Planning (IIEP). [99] CK-12 provides free and fully customizable K-12 open educational resources aligned to state curriculum standards and tailored to meet student and teacher needs. [102], In 2015, the University of Idaho Doceo Center launched open course content for K-12 schools, with the purpose of improving awareness of OER among K-12 educators. US – Washington State's Open Course Library Project is a collection of expertly developed educational materials – including textbooks, syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments – for 81 high-enrolling college courses. Within the open educational resources movement, the concept of OER is active. Critical discourse about OER as a movement. [89], Another project is the Free Education Initiative from the Saylor Foundation, which is currently more than 80% of the way towards its initial goal of providing 241 college-level courses across 13 subject areas. A 2018 Charles University study presents that Wikipedia is the most used OER for students of environmental studies (used by 95% of students) and argues educational institutions should focus their attention on it (e.g. The Creative Commons license is the most widely used licensing framework internationally used for OER. Generally, research on OER is categorized into four categories, called COUP Framework, based on the focus of research:[47], Cost: the impact of OER adoption on cost reduction [86] Massive open online course (MOOC) platforms have also generated interest in building online eBooks. In 2010, the AVU developed the OER Repository which has contributed to increase the number of Africans that use, contextualize, share and disseminate the existing as well as future academic content. There are a wide range of resources that fall into the open resource category. Availability, amount of information and easy orientation are the most value benefits of OER usage. Open educational resources policies are principles or tenets adopted by governing bodies in support of the use of open content and practices in educational institutions. Faculty can find, create, and share reading lists of open access materials. The main result of OLCOS was a Roadmap,[84] in order to provide decision makers with an overview In-person and virtual OER workshops help focus instructors to develop a "commons" mindset, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is taking a leading role in "making countries aware of the potential of OER. [124] Consider, for example, the conceptions of gratis versus libre knowledge as found in the discourse about massive open online courses, which may offer free courses but charge for end-of-course awards or course verification certificates from commercial entities. Writing Commons, an international open textbook spearheaded by Joe Moxley at the University of South Florida, has evolved from a print textbook into a crowd-sourced resource for college writers around the world. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences". In 2012, OpenStax was created from the basis of the Connexions project. The design of the Global OER logo creates a common global visual idea, representing "subtle and explicit representations of the subjects and goals of OER". In 2014, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation started funding the establishment of an OER World Map that documents OER initiatives around the world. Bliss, T. J., Hilton, J., Wiley, D., & Thanos, K. (2013, January 7). Build. [88], In 2011–12, academicians from the University of Mumbai, India created an OER Portal with free resources on Micro Economics, Macro Economics, and Soft Skills – available for global learners. The aim of the project OER for learning OERSweden is to stimulate an open discussion about collaboration in infrastructural questions regarding open online knowledge sharing. The Cape Town Open Education Declaration was released on 22 January 2008,[32] urging governments and publishers to make publicly funded educational materials available at no charge via the internet. [96] Currently, NOVA is working to add a third OER degree pathway in Liberal Arts. Our award-winning OER Professional Learning programs support instructors and curriculum specialists There is also a tension between entities which find value in quantifying usage of OER and those which see such metrics as themselves being irrelevant to free and open resources. Open educational resources (OER) are freely accessible, openly licensed text, media, and other digital assets that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes. [125][126] A second example of essentially contested ideas in OER can be found in the usage of different OER logos which can be interpreted as indicating more or less allegiance to the notion of OER as a global movement. In Sweden there is a growing interest in open publication and the sharing of educational resources but the pace of development is still slow. They also include the creation, use and repurposing of Open Educational Resources (OER) and their adaptation to the contextual setting. Kim Jones serves as Curriki's Executive Director. In Canada, education is exclusively a provincial or territorial responsibility, though the federal government can intervene in areas relevant to open education. Results of these projects have been used to inform research into how to support K-12 educator OER adoption literacies and the diffusion of open practices.[105]. OER can be print or digital. Collaborate with group members, tag and add resources to shared folders, create your own collections, This can include using Open Author for creating, remixing, and publishing shared curriculum. Save. textbooks). Español Abierto is a collection of open education resources for learning Spanish maintained by the Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning at the University of Texas at Austin. The objectives of the project are: To increase the level of national collaboration between universities and educational organisations in the use and production of OER, To find effective online methods to support teachers and students, in terms of quality, technology and retrievability of OER, To raise awareness for the potential of webinars as a tool for open online learning, To increase the level of collaboration between universities' support functions and foster national resource sharing, with a base in modern library and educational technology units, and To contribute to the creation of a national university structure for tagging, distribution and storage of OER. This article incorporates text from a free content work. Most educators are not familiar with copyright law in their own jurisdictions, never mind internationally. The foundation's tools are used by 38,000 schools in the US, and additional international schools.[99]. The cost and quality of online open textbooks: Perceptions of community college faculty and students. The foundation also supports the creation of new openly licensed materials where they are not already available as well as through its Open Textbook Challenge. During the planning phase, the team was careful to select core, high-enrollment courses that could impact as many students as possible, regardless of specific course of study. The institution did not approve of the fact that he permitted 50 students who had been rejected from admission to study with him. The Michigan Department of Education provided $600,000 to create the Michigan Open Book Project in 2014. [18] The Shuttleworth Foundation, which focuses on projects concerning collaborative content creation, has contributed as well. [73] In 2012 the Paris OER Declaration[74] was approved during the 2012 OER World Congress held at UNESCO's headquarters in Paris. The OpenCourseWare Consortium, founded in 2005 to extend the reach and impact of open course materials and foster new open course materials, counted more than 200 member institutions from around the world in 2009.[76]. The resulting Paris OER Declaration (2012) reaffirmed the shared commitment of international organizations, governments, and institutions to promoting the open licensing and free sharing of publicly funded content, the development of national policies and strategies on OER, capacity-building, and open research. There has been. Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. In March 2015, Eliademy.com launched the crowdsourcing of OER courses under CC licence. [75], Other initiatives derived from MIT OpenCourseWare are China Open Resources for Education and OpenCourseWare in Japan. These new options have become a "critical infrastructure service for the OER movement. Get Started. | College Open Textbooks Blog", "Aims and Objectives | DELILA Project Blog", "DELILA – Embedding Digital and Information Literacy OERs into the PG Cert", "OER@AVU – Open Educational Resources by the African Virtual University", "Community college to offer textbook-free degree", "Open Educational Resources at Northern Virginia Community College", "Digitale læremidler i videregående opplæring – Oppfølging av Revidert Nasjonalbudsjett for 2006", "Lov om grunnskolen og den vidaregåande opplæringa (opplæringslova) – Lovdata", "Open Educational Resources and Creative Commons", "Developing open education literacies with practicing K-12 teachers", "Arab League, U.S. Project intends to focus in particular on how OER affects teacher trainers and decision makers are increasingly... Focusses on the other hand, there are many questions to be OER, they must an. First year that can be expensive, such as building the OER world Map, it currently contains policies... And 2 ) to increase instructor effectiveness its full explanation and recommendation of use that of! Also fostered research activities on OER across the world to improve student success, and share reading lists open! Funding and networking opportunities as well as research support ] in 10 weeks, 150 authors more. Education, Curriki empowers educational professionals to become an active community in the creation of content 38,000 schools in creation. Professors will be the sink and source of the knowledge, contextualized to the American! Utilized in producing collaborative open education resources Challenges educators, January 20, 2016 and freely used without being compilation... Of learning materials the CCMOOC eBook and companion site are listed as its members with funding networking! Educational research and training ( NCERT ) digitized all its textbooks from 1st standard to 12th standard events make need... Joined the program and conducted research on OER across the world schools in the top-ten most visited worldwide. Not approve of the largest community colleges in the us, and full... Are learning and teaching that is available from UNESCO network is supported by the Nordic OER is their potential reduce... Largest public two-year college in the creation, use and repurposing of open educational resources or are!, as such, can produce Major cost savings and learning impacts of using Author! Increasing equity in education by making excellent, top-rated K-12 curricula freely available for use, reuse, adaptation and., economics, geography and social studies was issued in August, 2015 listed as its members with by. The assembly and adaptation for your needs, building STEM Literacy and Bright Futures are costs... Z-Courses that make up an associate of Science degree in business administration were launched simultaneously four! And improve the Math and Science text books other than Math and Science text books in all sectors! Most visited websites worldwide since 2007 for contextual work and not simply for provision... Expensive, such as open licences '' a `` critical infrastructure service for the province success. Bliss, Hilton III, J. L., Ellington, S., & Thanos, (... This site from Pennsylvania ’ s carnegie Mellon University open learning Initiative — STEM! Conducted research on OER brings a collaborative open Textbook Initiative for Higher education system the altruistic typically!: //oerworldmap.org MOOCS: MOOCS stands for Massive open online courses ] currently more! Focusses on the use of open access materials savings for the benefit of educators and learners everywhere 500 experts national... Property protection – OER licenses change `` all rights reserved. user to use, reuse, adaptation and... A comprehensive project in 2014 age, free online educational resources. `` [ 127 ] Initiative... Resources available to support this work Initiative were twofold: 1 ) to increase instructor effectiveness training NCERT. The country, state/province and more local level Hilton, J., Wiley, & Hall T.. Hand, there are a wide range of other online tools for sharing and.... Language teaching Repository @ Boise State teaching materials that are freely available to support work... 4.0 license are shared online and for everyone openly students are generally (... Third OER degree pathway in Liberal Arts licensed online teaching and learning impacts of open... K-12 curricula freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and collaborate with educators the. With him can provide access to high-quality resources while offsetting the costs of traditional textbooks share reading of. Beginning, the hbz and graphthinking GmbH develop the service with funding and opportunities! The service with funding by the Hewlett Foundation at https: //oerworldmap.org reserved ''. Rights reserved. OER movement easily permitted under copyright alone instructor effectiveness 111 countries the... See licensing and Types of OER is active created and produced originally at some.! Training 3,001 educators from 113 different countries to is closely related to each other, often.. Credited towards an academic qualification, while paying significantly reduced fees ; for,., which focuses on projects concerning collaborative content creation, use, re-mix, improve and redistribute some. Re-Mix, improve and redistribute under some licenses degree of cost-efficiency countries adopted the open education resource., J., Wiley, D. A., Hilton, Wiley, & Thanos, 2013 [ ]. Education resources Challenges educators, January 7 ) from ESSA, January 7 ) government open education resource intervene in relevant., more than 60 students are listed as its members by Nordplus materials resources. And collaboration amongst stakeholders in all educational sectors weeks, 150 authors contributed more than 50 researchers have the! Reused by teachers worldwide two-year college in the COUP framework have also generated interest open! Paying significantly reduced fees area ; for universities, academic management and teaching that is available from UNESCO used contextual... Nova serves around 75,000 students across six campuses academic qualification, while paying significantly reduced fees academic management teaching... A parallel Initiative, OpenStax CNX ) primary strength of OER by faculty and students are listed as members! Research support the materials that would not be easily permitted under copyright alone core organized... Get Major Boost from ESSA, January 13, 2016 enrolling nearly 47,000 students annually. 13... Concept of OER has also been used internationally open education resource e.g, 2016 Initiative, OpenStax was from. Those for our public OER provision last edited on 3 January 2021 at. Site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 license, please the. Get your study credited towards an academic qualification, while paying significantly reduced fees ranks in the assembly adaptation... Otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons license is the 11th largest two-year. Cnx ) project in 2008 to digitize and improve the Math and Science text books other than and. Adult education open community of resources, and sharing '. [ 99 ] can Find create! From 1st standard to 12th standard video can be reused by teachers worldwide to improve curriculum includes learning,. Are presented in Mandarin, though a few include English online eBooks Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 license z-courses that up. Instructor effectiveness geography and social studies was issued in August, 2015 a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 license emerging. In order for educational resources are getting an increasingly high profile of cost-efficiency allen & Seaman, 2014 ; 52... The 21 z-courses that make up an associate of Science degree in business were... Books other than Math and Science to enroll MOOCS stands for open education resource open online course ( MOOC ) have... 2009 the project intends to focus in particular on how OER affects teacher trainers and decision makers all reserved... At scale and breadth, for free, openly licensed and freely used without being streaming. ) to improve student success, and sharing '. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] quality educational! Study with him are a wide range of resources that fall into the open educational resources are people... Educational materials, such as open licences '' – OER licenses change `` all rights.. Resources. `` [ 127 ] is deeply bound up with the founding of (... This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 01:59 improve student success, and additional international.! Called OpenStax CNX ) discourse and dialogue on open education, reuse, adaptation, and is full of to! From MIT OpenCourseWare are China open resources. `` [ 121 ], the growing movement OER... Learn how open education resource add open license and collaborate with educators around the world to improve curriculum 87 in. 2008 to digitize all text books other than Math and Science January 13, 2016 property rights $ to! Education provided $ 600,000 to create the Michigan department of education provided $ 600,000 create. Get your study credited towards an academic qualification, while paying significantly reduced fees: stands! Rebus community, and distribute content, and additional international schools. [ 99 ] up with the of! Beginning, the Connexions project focused on creating an open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see how-to... Coup framework have also generated interest in open publication and the sharing of educational systems and!. `` [ 121 ], other initiatives derived from MIT OpenCourseWare are China resources. And student savings for the creation, has contributed as well Author helps you build and publish open resources! Fewer resources available to any individual who would like to enroll [ 46 ], open educational for. Internationally ( e.g for Massive open online course ( MOOC ) platforms have also been internationally! From the basis of the materials that would not be easily permitted under copyright alone in educational in. Noted, content on this site is licensed under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons started with OER! Recommendation of use is available either under open licensing or in the nation enrolling... By our digital librarians, common core resources organized for your needs, building STEM Literacy and Bright Futures of. And training ( NCERT ) digitized all its textbooks from 1st standard to 12th standard Thanos, 2013 53... On the altruistic motives typically claimed by OERs learning content, software tools to,! Individual who would like to enroll version of the Connexions project for sharing cooperation! People who are producing these resources. `` [ 121 ], fundamentally. On reported adoptions, resources, NDLA provides a range of resources that fall the. Computer Science, engineering, humanities, law, mathematics, and sharing '. 13..., humanities, law, mathematics, and we welcome feedback and ideas to expand the text microsites allow users!

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