Much to the surprise of their neighbours, the house built with mud and bamboo had sustained minimal damage in the devastating storm. West Bengal is located at 21o31' and 27o14' North Latitude & 86o35' and 89o53' East Longitude Vernacular architecture of west bangal authorstream. Wedged between Bengal at a glance 8. (108 month(s) ago), By: CLEARSTOREY References BENGAL AT A GLANCE : BENGAL AT A GLANCE . SLOPED ROOF “The potters’ village of Panchmura, in Bankura district of West Bengal, is a small and self-sufficient village. Flag for inappropriate content. SOUTHERN BENGAL the Rajput architecture. INDIA ARABIAN SEA. TEMPARATURE Zonal Vernacular Architecture . Architecture. 0000010903 00000 n marilyn.dmello@yahoo.com, Slide 1: NAME : TAMAGHNA CHANDRA PABNAR AITIHASIK IMARAT – Dr. AISHA BEGAM Flash Due to multiple artistic influences acting upon the region during this period the Brick temples of Bengal show wide range of forms and techniques of … The study of this type of architecture is of utter importance as 90% of world architecture is vernacular and only 5-10% structure designed by architect. Architecture of these locally built forms deal with the creation of spaces where as architecture is encoded with meanings reflective of the society, culture, tradition and ethnicity. Ladakh experiences cold and sunny type of climate. Northern Bengal . The north is cooler, but the humidity is high. 4. 0000008466 00000 n Vernacular architecture vernacular architecture the term vernacular architecture refers to those buildings made by common builders in an informal way, rather than by architects using design methodologies. Architecture West Bengal; Architecture Courses in West Bengal (19) Sort by . CENTRAL BENGAL Architecture provides a sense of place and support of all types of human activity. The Neolithic and other prehistoric men of Bihar handed down their art tradition to their progeny in the historic period. East Bengal became the eastern wing, Bangladesh B.ARCH 12/VI/07 VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE OF WEST BANGAL CONTENTS : CONTENTS 1. 0000011938 00000 n Architecture provides a sense of place and support of all types of human activity. To prevent users from facing this, Use HTTPS option. List of amc united kingdom canada scribd. 3d design, insane creativity, vernacular architecture, vernacular west bengal These two sample schools I have designed completely in 3d Considering Vernacular Approach head to toe. 3. Conclusion South West Bengal This is because of the Bengalian soil structure. Zonal Vernacular Architecture 3.TECHNOLOGY ADAPTED Slide 8: 1. GRASS THATCH/ KHAD (STRAW FROM DRIED PADDY OR WHEAT PLANTS) Climatic & Geological : Climatic & Geological Central Bengal has a tropical climate. Other Influenced Architecture : Other Influenced Architecture The rural form of house, the BANGLA , influenced the Mughal and GEOGRAPHY ● The Ganges - Brahmaputra delta also kmown as Brahmaputra delta or Sunderbans delta or Bengal delta ● It... 3. CENTRAL BENGAL : 2. The early Mauryan buildings and works of art were mostly wooden. Form and climatic response : Form and climatic response The corners of the veranda were often partitioned off as separate rooms for bathing or sleeping BRITIGHAR (the house and all its rooms fenced within one boundary); complex. After studying and doing my research in Classic vernacular approach in West Bengal I decided to carve it in 3d. . Vernacular of south Chennai, and vernacular architecture of west Bengal (Digha area). CONTENTS 1. While the concrete houses in the vicinity suffered broken window panes or missing … the alpine cold of the snowy regions. Due to a heavy storm, followed by a heavy rain, a large number of trees gets knocked down and many houses gets severely damaged. & GEOLOGICAL LOCAL MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY LOCATION Rainfall averaging 348 cms. Dynamic Southern Bengal Where the mud was not suitable for this purpose, walls were constructed of bunches of straw or mats, tied to each other and to the bamboo frame to form walls. LIMITATIONS: India has coastline of 7,516.6 km, which covers eight states and has large variety of vernacular architectural construction techniques. vernacular built fabric from effects of Globalization! STONE Add your article. vernacular architecture vernacular architecture is a category of architecture based on localized needs and construction mterials, and reflecting local traditions. lin22 Winter on the plains is also mild, with minimum temperatures rarely dropping below 15°C Despite its being linked to tradition, it could still be considered a state-of-the-art activity, because it offers alternatives to conventional architectural practices that are highly accountable for today’s energy crisis. (late 18th century) Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted The frame of a bangla was typically constructed entirely of bamboo, though wood posts and beams were occasionally used in the houses of the very wealthy. Architecture provides a sense of place and support of all types of human activity. BAY OF BENGAL. The BANGLA left its mark on the architecture 0000004856 00000 n 0000007240 00000 n INDIA ARABIAN SEA. Top West Bengal Architectural Buildings: See reviews and photos of architectural buildings in West Bengal, India on Tripadvisor. Slide 7: FACTORS INFLUENCING VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE 1.CLIMATIC & GEOLOGICAL The architecture of Bengal, which comprises the modern country of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, has a long and rich history, blending indigenous elements with influences from different parts of the world. NORTHERN BENGAL CLIMATIC Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted In many banglas, the door was the only opening, this opening might be covered by a wooden door which folded from the side. Essays Kerala Architecture Vernacular For Of Scholarships. The walls are plastered with dung Vernacular of south Chennai, and vernacular architecture of west Bengal (Digha area). . Traditional Bengali Temple. trailer <<32862EA0053111E19DF7000D93C93E90>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 97 0 obj<>stream Contemporary and Vernacular. The Chala roof is gable type with two-, four- or eight – sloping roofs with curved edges … SOUTHERN BENGAL CLIMATIC bansalshivani Decorative carved or moulded plaques of terracotta are all considered to be a special feature of the Sultanate architecture. This has led to the use of modern concrete based and brick walls constructions being used in the few newer buildings in the rural areas and more commonly in the towns 4. Introduction to Vernacular architecture 5. Sparsely jungled hills LIME Indian vernacular architecture the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people. Download as docx, pdf, txt or read online from scribd. i need this presentation for my college subject which is vernacular architecture of india...and i want to give presentation on this topic.....plz send the link or allow me to sandstone, white marble and whatever available locally. Most of the local deities in Bengal which were worshiped in huts, when transformed incorporating the services of Brahmins, were housed in brick temples copying its original form. Indian vernacular architecture the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people. List of amc united kingdom canada scribd. RAINFALL MUD/CLAY 0000001069 00000 n West Bengal bɛnˈɡɔːl Bengali: Paschim Banga is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal With over 91 million inhabitants as DG IGP of West. Case Study of Traditional House of Jagacha in West Bengal (Paper Model by architecture student) INTRODUCTION. the environmental, cultural, technological, and historical context in which it exists. vernacular architecture. GREEN HOUSE EFFECT Bengal was spilt into East and West Bengal BAY OF BENGAL. Embed: Vernacular architecture of west bangal authorstream. Modernist Architecture Modern refers to the core values of “Enlightenment - the centrality of reason, the belief in progress, the virtues of individualism, and faith in the scientific method” (Bloland, 2005, p.122). And looking to shortage of time among these all vernacular architecture my study will be in focused in above mentioned six vernacular architecture styles in … 0000011856 00000 n The most elemental pavilion is the rustic ‘Bengal Hut’ where the vernacular architecture starts. arch.hussain 4. [2] First Year Study Tour-Settlement Study Report, 2009-2010, Sinhgad College of Architecture Guided by Design The building becomes a vessel for carrying codi ied information. • One of the largest... 4. The walls were generally made of mud. 76 0 obj <> endobj xref 76 22 0000000016 00000 n Vernacular Architecture. . WEST BENGAL:AT A GLANCE (History, Geography and Climate) Prior to Partition of Bengal in 1947 (a part ofPartition of INDIA), The British Indian Province ofBengal comprised of Modern day Indian state- WestBengal and Independent country- Bangladesh. elephants and geometric designs CONCLUSION : CONCLUSION Realistic and replicable options for improved building techniques for local people using low cost, low energy and locally produced building materials, such as: rammed earth walls, compressed earth blocks, fibre cement tiles and bamboo. 0000009779 00000 n WOOD paddy thatch roof. Architecture. (THE PLAINS) Producing terracotta artworks is a long-established creative activity in the Bengal area. Kolkata Building News: Architecture. 0000001459 00000 n The walls support a roof construction made of bamboo and covered with paddy-straw with a thatching of a more durable grass. 2.1. Of Fateh khan,Qadam Rasul Materials Available : Materials Available THATCH/KHAD RAMMED EARTH BAMBOO FRAMEWORK Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted The vernacular architecture and construction methods have developed through the local innovation and availability of building material. Bengal is not rich in good stones for construction, so the traditional Bengali architecture mainly uses brick and wood, often reflecting the styles of wood, bamboo, and straw styles of local vernacular architecture for homes. RAINFALL SLATE The more recent work is set in context by an important section on the late modernist work of the 1950s-70s, reflecting on how modernists working in Bangladesh drew on Bengal cultural roots and vernacular architecture in their work. central bay covered by charchala roof with great effect. Bangla type structure Bengali architecture includes ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural vernacular architecture, colonial townhouses and country houses and modern urban styles. . The thatched roof generally extended beyond the walls to provide additional shelter from the rains and one side of the roof was often extended four or five feet beyond the wall and supported by a row of bamboo poles to create a small veranda. SOURCE : A constitutional History of India in Hindu Times Ayaswal, Kashi Prasad (1978). CHARCHALA is a rural hut in West Bengal with twelve sloping sides in the roof in three tiers. The architecture of Bengal, consists of the modern country of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, has a long and rich history, blending with native features with influences from different parts of the world. The climate varies between the tropical heat of the valleys and TEMPARATURE 2.LOCAL MATERIALS USED Many structural relics are still in existence to fill up the gap separating the prehistoric men for their historic descendants. Climatic design responses reflecting the local micro-climate with special focus on cooling and shading, improved natural ventilation, cross ventilation, roof top ventilation, window openings, open bamboo shutters (109 month(s) ago). GEOGRAPHY • Located between 27’9 and 20’5 north latitude and 86’35 and 92’30 east longitude. SOUTH WEST BENGAL In the south west, the borderland abutting Bihar and Orissa The humidity is thus substantially reduced, making winter a very pleasant season on the plains West Bengal : Zonal Classification according to climate iPad CENTRAL BENGAL CLIMATIC SOUTHERN BENGAL : 3. all images © Gunther Deichmann | contact | Gunther Deichmann Photographer & Apple Certified Pro Trainer. x�b```b``6a`e`��ab@ !6 �� 5. 2. & GEOLOGICAL LOCAL MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY RAMMED EARTH Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Google+ Email. Enter one or more tags separated The Europeans adopted almost universally the simple or elongated pyramidal roof, sometimes with clerestory. SOUTH FACING WINDOWS rchitects After studying and doing my research in Classic vernacular approach in West Bengal I decided to carve it in 3d. of two great Indian Empires. REFERENCES : REFERENCES TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE OF EASTERN INDIA – Dr. AJAY KHARE VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE | A R 1 0 0 1   Vishnupur, West Bengal Form and climatic response : Form and climatic response Bunglas are always thatched with straw on the roof and the walls are sometimes of bricks and often of mats. These temples are vernacular architectural adaptations of the traditional Bengali’s hut that portrays typical Chala roof. (THE COAST) VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE : VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE The term vernacular architecture refers to those buildings made by common builders in an informal way, rather than by architects using design methodologies. The project was rightly coined ‘The Hillcrest’ by its Kolkata based design firm- Manoj Singhal & … This Vernacular architecture examines the dwellings, village formations and settlement patterns of the same societies. Central Bengal BAMBOO The general building tradition in the area uses clay walls plastered on a bamboo framework or rammed earth core walls up to two stories. Materials Available : Materials Available WOOD STONE SLATE MAY – FAIR, DARJEELING Materials Available : Materials Available TILES LIME TIN Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted SLOPING ROOF / CURVED ROOF VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE | A R 1 0 0 1 It is a house of zamindar and was constructed during British rule in India. BUILDINGS ON STILTS 2. The cold climate is divided as cold & sunny and cold & cloudy. SUSTHITA GHAR (house surrounded by verandas on all four sides); Vernacular architecture in cold Kerala is situated on the south-western coast climate zone: of India bound by Arabian Sea in west and Western Ghats in the East. CHALA STYLE ROOF HUT IN - BENGAL, September, 2016 Bengal is a land of culture and art carved by innumerable temples. Kolkata Buildings News. This is the daily life picture of Bengal. VERANDAH/ Copy, By: Vernacular architecture as a direct expression of lifestyle and culture of a community is observed in many traditional settlements of each part of Bangladesh. Floors were made of mud and were generally raised a foot or two above the ground to provide some protection from flooding. House of the tribal people. (107 month(s) ago), Hello...very nice presentation ... can u allow me to download the same..rchitects@gmail.com, By: INDIAN VERNACULAR PLANNING Indian vernacular planning involves planning and designing a built environment with the informal, functional design of structures. The state is long and narrow, running from the delta of the Ganges river system at the Bay of Bengal in the south to the heights of the Himalayas at Darjeeling in the north WEST BENGAL: GEOGRAPHY : WEST BENGAL: GEOGRAPHY Placed with three international frontiers - Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan Fournier came to Kolkata in 1993 as a 27-year-old architecture student on a French government scholarship. Numeric tags are not allowed. The maxims related to vernacular architecture, belongs to subaltern astrologer Khona; which reflect human nature in general, suggesting that the composer or composers were intimate to this land and were acquainted with the ways of life here in Bengal. THATCHING Materials Available : Materials Available THATCH/KHAD RAMMED EARTH Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted Cottages are small and thatched CHOUSHALA (four rooms on four raised sides and a uthan or open space in the middle); The Neolithic and other prehistoric men of Bihar handed down their art tradition to their progeny in the historic period. �fz\�w���!����Li@�e�[˒az�}�Y8LY�q�^i�]v3���S�� ���{b�f�������E:����;8� ��220 0000003506 00000 n In order to view it, please . Windows, when present, were shaded in the same way. The BANGLA was a hut, generally built with a distinctively curved roof ,also called EKABANGLA MUD AND DUNG You do not have the permission to view this presentation. download the file... By: remarkable more for decoration 3. Rajputs, Jats, Sikhs all incorporated it into their monumental Most web browsers block content or generate a “mixed content” warning when users access web pages via HTTPS that contain embedded content loaded via HTTP. RAINFALL SLOPED ROOF Bengali architecture includes ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural vernacular architecture, colonial townhouses and country houses, and modern urban styles. Wood was the basic material of Mauryan architecture. HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is a protocol used by Web servers to transfer and display Web content securely. Decorative carved or mouldedplaques of terracotta(the same material as the brick) are a special feature. The architecture of Bengal, which comprises the modern country of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, has a long and rich history, blending indigenous elements from the Indian subcontinent, with influences from different parts of the world. . Art of Bengal, which was mainly religious in nature, was expressed through the medium of temples. SOUTH FACING WINDOWS Technology Adapted : Technology Adapted GREEN HOUSE EFFECT LIMITATIONS: India has coastline of 7,516.6 km, which covers eight states and has large variety of vernacular architectural construction techniques. JORBANGLA is a twin hut structure with wattle walls finished in a thick West Bengal became a state of India with Calcutta as the capital Oraons. Mughal architecture and Shah Jahan glorified it reproducing it in red 6. This Vernacular architecture examines the dwellings, village formations and settlement patterns of the same societies. Example such as the Lattan’s mosque at Gaur shows (THE HILLS) Bengal at a glance 2. Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan is just 90 kms wide and 150 kms deep. & GEOLOGICAL LOCAL MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY TEMPARATURE dip diffusion treatment for chemical preservation of bamboo preparation of the plinth : traditional manual method relevant Kolkata Buildings, West Bengal Architecture, Calcutta Property News, Designs, Pictures. THICK WALLS LOCATION What style did the rulers of Bengal use in the building - 19212526 2. New Kolkata Architecture, chronological: 21 Jan 2020 The Orient Restaurants reflecting Feng Shui & Taoism Architects: Salient image courtesy of architects VISHNUPUR,WEST BENGAL BAMBOO THATCH/KHAD Classification Of Rural House : Classification Of Rural House Structurally, the traditional rural houses may be grouped in seven types: Another reason behind the imitation of vernacular hut form for temple construction was the evolution of local cults that occurred during the same period. The bungalowstyle is a notable architectural e… Indian vernacular architecture the informal, functional architecture of structures, often in rural areas of India, built of local materials and designed to meet the needs of the local people. New Kolkata Architecture, chronological: 21 Jan 2020 The Orient Restaurants reflecting Feng Shui & Taoism Architects: Salient image courtesy of architects The Orient – Chain of Restaurants in Kolkata The … Many structural relics are still in existence to fill up the gap separating the prehistoric men for their historic descendants. it has often been dismissed as crude and unrefined, but also has proponents who highlight its … AFGHANISTAN. DISHALA BANDH GHAR (house of two large rooms on two separate platforms and an open place between them); Vernacular architecture vernacular architecture the term vernacular architecture refers to those buildings made by common builders in an informal way, rather than by architects using design methodologies. 7. CLIMATIC The architecture of bengal, which comprises the modern country of bangladesh and the indian states of west bengal, bihar, orissa, tripura, assam's barak valley, has a long and rich history, blending indigenous elements from the indian subcontinent, with influences from different parts of the world.Bengali architecture includes ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural. Customize Embed, Thumbnail: With gable ended roof, Tomb (110 month(s) ago), please can you send me the presentation on forum mall to the bellow id Of house, the house built with mud and bamboo had sustained minimal damage the. Concrete houses in the historic period the Europeans adopted almost universally the simple elongated... Bengal architectural Buildings: See reviews and photos of architectural Buildings: See reviews and photos of architectural:! Preservation of bamboo preparation of the same material as the capital Property News, Designs, Pictures ancient... 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