The BJP substantially increased its tally in the union parliament, as well as winning a majority in the Uttar Pradesh assembly. [24] Jihadi groups including the Indian Mujahideen cited the demolition of the Babri Mosque as a reason for their terrorist attacks. [36] Strikes were held across the country, while Muslim mobs attacked and destroyed as many as 30 temples in one day by means of fire and bulldozers, and stormed the office of Air India, India's national airline, in Lahore. [37], Following the demolition, Muslim mobs in Bangladesh attacked and burned down Hindu temples, shops and houses across the country. [21][22][23] The demolition and the ensuing riots were among the major factors behind the 1993 Mumbai bombings and many successive riots in the coming decade. Babri Masjid case study: The Timeline. When riots tear your life apart, and you rebuild it. I pointed to my badge and loudly shouted slogans like everyone else. The yatra sought to generate support for the proposed temple, and also sought to unite Hindu votes by mobilizing anti-Muslim sentiment. It accrued as one of the most destructive religious riot India had ever seen. After 399 sittings over sixteen years, the Commission submitted its 1,029-page report to Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 30 June 2009. Get latest 1993 Babri Masjid Riots news updates & stories. © 2021 BBC. [6][7] The Nirmohi Akhara sect cited this statement in laying claim to the site later in the 19th century, leading to the first recorded incidents of religious violence at the site in 1855. A subsequent inquiry into the incident found 68 people responsible, including several leaders of the BJP and the VHP. [27] According to the report, the events of 6 December 1992, in Ayodhya were "neither spontaneous nor unplanned". BS Web Team | New Delhi Last Updated at August 5, 2020 09:06 IST. The September 2020 verdict of a special CBI court acquitting the 32 accused in the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition case has been challenged in the Allahabad High Court. [33] The special court judge said, "The demolition was not pre-planned. Babri Masjid Demolition 2020: On the commemoration of the destruction of Babri Masjid, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) boss Asaduddin Owaisi has tweeted and requested that his allies remind their contemporaries that for more than 400 years Babri Masjid remained in Ayodhya. The Babri Masjid dispute is the most complex issue in India as it got the entire country in the grip of Hindu-Muslim communal tension for nearly three decades. "[34][35], In Pakistan, the government closed offices and schools on 7 December to protest against the demolition of the Babri Masjid. I whipped out my camera and started taking pictures of the incredible scene unfolding before me. [32] On 30th September 2020, the court acquitted all the 32 accused including L.K Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti, Vinay Katiyar and several others in the case on account of inconclusive evidence. As religious hatred engulfed the nation and over 1,000 people died, every possible refinement in human unkindness and poignant twists of fate were on display. Despite this, a large body of kar sevaks or Sangh Parivar activists reached Ayodhya and attempted to attack the mosque. I hid my camera inside my jacket and exited the place, chanted along with the crowd, thrilled that I was the only journalist to have witnessed this rehearsal and photographed it for posterity. About sharing. They had been given instructions to … [45] The Bollywood film Mausam (2011) is based on the events surrounding the demolition. Riots had already started. Persecution of Bangladeshi Hindus: Pre-Babri Masjid Destruction . I arrived in Ayodhya on the foggy evening of 4 December 1992. [6][7][a] Popular belief holds that Baqi demolished a temple of Rama to build the mosque; historical basis for the belief is debated. [46] The riots that followed the demolition are an important part of the plot of several films, including Bombay (1995) set in the Bombay riots. image copyright Getty Images. Shortly after the demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992, and another wave of carnage that came in its train, Advani wrote that if the Muslims were to identify themselves with the concept of Hindutva there would not be any reason for riots to take place (The Times of India, January 30, 1993). [49][50] The 2007 film Black Friday was based upon the 1993 Bombay bombings which were considered to be the after effect of the demolition of the mosque. Subsequently, for five days, till December 10, 1992, and later from January 6 to 21 in 1993, Bombay was rocked by riots and violence which claimed 900 lives and left 2,036 persons injured. "[19], In April 2014, a sting operation by Cobrapost claimed that the demolition was not an act of frenzied mobs but an act of sabotage planned with so much secrecy that no government agency got wind of it. Several rallies and marches were held as a part of this movement, including the Ram Rath Yatra led by L. K. Advani. The vicious circle of disturbance had all the elements of protests, riots, communal and retaliatory violence as the state machinery and law and order failed. | Douglas E. Curran/AFP The razing of the Babri Masjid by a … The police cordon, vastly outnumbered and unprepared for the size of the attack, fled. [41] Ayatollah Ali Khamenei condemned the demolition, and called upon India to do more to protect its Muslim population. [38] An India-Bangladesh cricket match was disrupted when a mob of an estimated 5,000 men tried to storm the Bangabandhu National Stadium in the national capital of Dhaka. The issue exemplifies the deterioration of communal peace in the country and assumed significance right after independence before culminating into the demolition of the masjid. Fake news by Hindi newspapers fuelled 1992 Bhopal riots, killed 139 in communal clashes following Babri Masjid demolition In 1992, following the demolition of Babri Masjid, fake news published by Hindi newspapers in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh fueled hatred among the communities, leading to one the first and worst riots in the 200-old history of the state capital It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century. But Shaheen Kadri is anything but that. [7][11], In September 1990, BJP leader L. K. Advani began a Rath Yatra, a political rally travelling across much of north India to Ayodhya. The status quo remained in place until 1949, when idols of Rama were surreptitiously placed inside the mosque, allegedly by volunteers of the Hindu Mahasabha. [42] In response to the violence, UAE police arrested and deported many expatriate Pakistanis and Indians who had participated in the violence. [43] The Ayodhya dispute and the riots following the demolition form part of the backdrop to Antara Ganguly's 2016 novel, Tanya Tania. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Hindu mobs tore down the 16th Century Babri mosque in India's holy city of Ayodhya on 6 December 1992. The next day, Babri Masjid was demolished. It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century. In the matter of a few hours the mosque was razed to the ground. Babri Masjid to Gujarat riots, Vajpayee rose above ideology to speak his mind. For the town in Burkina Faso, see Babri, Burkina Faso. [2][3] In the 1980s, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) began a campaign for the construction of a temple dedicated to Rama at the site, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as its political voice. It further said that the sabotage was planned several months in advance by Vishva Hindu Parishad and Shiv Sena, but not jointly. Babri Masjid (IAST: Bābarī Masjid; meaning Mosque of Babur) was a mosque in Ayodhya, India, at a site believed by many Hindus to be the birthplace of Hindu deity Rama. Twenty-eight years after a mob demolished the Babri Masjid in Uttar Pradesh’s Ayodhya town and sparked off a cycle of violence and riots across India that left thousands dead, a … After the Babri Masjid demolition on December 6, 1992, Bombay, like many other parts of the country, had experienced riots, violence and curfew. It has been 25 years, but none of the people responsible for the demolition have been punished. [51][52], Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration, "Babri Masjid not built on vacant land, artefacts reveal non-Islamic structure: Supreme Court", "Supreme Court judgment on Ayodhya ends several speculation: ASI team chief", "Babri mosque case: BJP MP declared absconder", "Report: Sequence of events on December 6", "Uproar over India mosque report: Inquiry into Babri mosque's demolition in 1992 indicts opposition BJP leaders", "Babri Masjid demolition was planned 10 months in advance: Book", "Babri Masjid demolition was well-planned in ahead: Cobrapost sting", "India Babri Masjid demolition neither spontaneous nor unplanned: Liberhan", "In the times of Yakub Memon, remembering the Babri Masjid demolition cases", Babri Masjid demolition: Supreme Court to hear plea claiming CBI may go soft on L K Advani, Babri Masjid case: SC issues notices to L K Advani, others over conspiracy charges, "Babri case: Advani, Joshi, Bharti charged with criminal conspiracy", "Babri Masjid verdict: Court acquits LK Advani, Kalyan Singh, says no evidence that accused planned demolition", "Babri Masjid demolition case: CBI Special Court acquits all accused, judge says 'demolition was not pre-planned, "India's BJP leaders acquitted in Babri mosque demolition case", "Pakistani Hindus in India unwilling to return", "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples – Bangladesh : Hindus", "N S Madhavan tells RSS to seek edakka ban", "Of Bombay and Karachi; Review of Tanya Tania by Antara Ganguli", "Ram Ke Naam Chronicle of a demolition Foretold", "8 times we saw the Babri Masjid debacle recalled on the big screen", "Sacred Games review: Netflix crime thriller engages viewers with intrigue and mystery", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demolition_of_the_Babri_Masjid&oldid=998266857, Attacks on religious buildings and structures in India, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 15:59. The destruction was followed by communal #riots killing over 2,000. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. The riots that followed killed nearly 2,000 people. [16] Anju Gupta, a police officer who had been in charge of Advani's security on that day, stated that Advani and Joshi made speeches that contributed to provoking the behaviour of the mob. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. After Babri riots, many women sent bangles to Dawood Ibrahim: Rakesh Maria Former Commissioner of Mumbai Police Rakesh Maria tells all in his new book ‘Let Me Say It Now’, including how the 1993 Mumbai bomb blasts were planned. Some photographs too were placed on record before the Commission. 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