Cairngorms National Park is located in the northeast region of Scotland, United Kingdom. [6], The Cairngorms National Park covers an area of 4,528 km2 (1,748 sq mi) in the council areas of Aberdeenshire, Moray, Highland, Angus and Perth and Kinross. [24][25], The national park is classified as a Category V protected area by the International Union for Conservation of Nature,[26] meaning that it is an area in which people have interacted with the landscape for many years, and which is managed to sustain the habitats and landscape that have resulted from this interaction. At 1,467 square miles, it is Britain’s largest National Park and … The Scottish Government has confirmed the latest guidelines relating to the Coronavirus/Covid-19 restrictions and we urge everyone to continue to follow the rules to stay safe, protect others and save lives, The Cairngorms National Park is now in lockdown, along with the rest of mainland Scotland. The park covers the Cairngorms range of mountains, and surrounding hills. In 2018, 1.9 million tourism visits were recorded. [42] The Visit Scotland web site discusses the amenities and indicates that this park "has more mountains, forest paths, rivers, lochs, wildlife hotspots, friendly villages and distilleries than you can possibly imagine". [34] In 1990 the Countryside Commission for Scotland (CCS) produced a report into protection of the landscape of Scotland, which recommended that four areas were under such pressure that they ought to be designated as national parks, each with an independent planning board, in order to retain their heritage value. The largest communities are Aviemore, Ballater, Braemar, Grantown-on-Spey, Kingussie, Newtonmore, and Tomintoul. Not only are four of Scotland’s five highest peaks in the park but more than a third of its total area is above 2,625 feet (800 meters). The report, published in 1945, proposed national parks in five areas, one of which was the Cairngorms. Cairngorms National Park, Aviemore and the Cairngorms : consultez 222 avis, articles et 433 photos de Cairngorms National Park, classée n°6 sur 51 activités à Aviemore and the Cairngorms sur Tripadvisor. The park covers the Cairngorms range of mountains, and surrounding hills. Many people, especially people in Scotland, travel to the Cairngorms … Tourism makes up about 80% of the economy. In 1931 a commission headed by Christopher Addison proposed the creation of a national park in the Cairngorms,[32] alongside proposals for parks in England and Wales. $51.10 per adult. [32] In 1981 the direction areas were replaced by national scenic areas, of which there are now 40. [9] The edges of the plateaux are in places steep cliffs of granite and they are excellent for skiing, rock climbing and ice climbing. The park encompasses the Cairngorms mountain range and the neighboring foothills. It was the second of two national parks established by the Scottish Parliament, after Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, set up in 2002. Cairngorms [6] Nine of Scotland's national nature reserves are located within the park: Abernethy, Corrie Fee, Craigellachie, Glen Tanar, Insh Marshes, Muir of Dinnet, Invereshie and Inshriach, Glenmore, and Mar Lodge Estate. The Spey, which is the second longest river in Scotland, rises in the Monadhliath, whilst the Dee and the Don both rise in the Cairngorms themselves. [61], Other films and television programmes that have done some shooting in the Park area included Mary Queen of Scots (2019), Outlaw King (Netflix, 2019), Outlander (TV series), Victoria (TV series, Episode 7), Mrs Brown (1997), Centurion, Salmon Fishing in the Yemen, The Queen (2006), The Crown (Netflix series) and Victoria & Abdul (2017). [33] Before the national park was established in 2003, Scottish Natural Heritage conducted a consultation exercise, considering the boundary and the powers and structure of the new park authority. The largest national park in Great Britain is located in the central highlands and dominated by the peaks of the Grampian Mountains. Post-glacial features include peat and landslips. The four areas identified were similar to those proposed in 1945, and thus again included the Cairngorms. [41] In early 2017, the park was voted by Hundredrooms as one of the top seven eco-tourism destinations in Europe and discussed as a "mecca for outdoor enthusiasts". Grantown on Spey [54] The authority also takes responsibility for managing access to the countryside that elsewhere falls to local authorities. Join us this year as the Cairngorms National Park tackles the Climate Emergency, working with nature and people to implement solutions towards Net Zero. Although the four aims have equal status, in accordance with the Sandford Principle, the first aim (conservation and enhancement of the natural and cultural heritage) is to be given greater weight when it appears to the park authority that there is irreconcilable conflict with the other aims. Cairngorms National Park (Scottish Gaelic: Pàirc Nàiseanta a' Mhonaidh Ruaidh) is a national park in northeast Scotland, established in 2003. This short trail through the woods features a sculptures created by Frank Bruce between 1965 and 2009. The Cairngorms National Park encompasses mountains and valleys and within this, many different villages with their own communities. The two current parks were designated as such under the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000, which was one of the first pieces of legislation to be passed by the Parliament. 14 reviews. The Cairngorms National Park has spectacular landscapes from wild, high mountains, to heather moorlands, magnificent forests, lowland farms and crofts, wetlands and rivers which wind through the flood plains – as the biggest and most northerly National Park in Britain, it is simply awe-inspiring. [62], Around 18,000 people live within the national park. [50], The national park is administered by a national park authority, which is an executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government. Evidence suggests that the granite currently at the surface was initially to be found at a depth of between 4 and 7 km.[15]. They now roam the high Cairngorms, after being re-introduced in 1952 by a Swedish herdsman. 21 reviews. It is thought that the pluton had been unroofed within 20 million years of its emplacement and that the present landscape of the Cairngorms had begun to form by 390 million years ago. Here at Wilderness Scotland we’re incredibly lucky to live and work in the Cairngorms National Park. More info. [37] On 13 March 2008 Michael Russell announced that the national park would be extended to take in Blair Atholl and Spittal of Glenshee,[38] and the park was duly extended on 4 October 2010. [46][47], Aviemore is a busy and popular holiday destination, located close to Glenmore Forest Park and the Cairn Gorm Ski Centre. [6] Two of Scotland's Great Trails pass through the park: the Speyside Way and the Cateran Trail. The park covers an area of 1,748 square miles (4,528 sq km) creating the largest national park amongst the United Kingdom. Popular: Booked by 118 travellers! 064: Geological Structure and Landscape of the Cairngorm Mountains", Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park Authority, Police Investigations and Review Commissioner, Scottish Children's Reporter Administration, Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cairngorms_National_Park&oldid=1000514641, Environmental organisations based in Scotland, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To conserve and enhance the natural and cultural heritage of the area, To promote understanding and enjoyment (including enjoyment in the form of recreation) of the special qualities of the area by the public, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 12:05. [31], The idea that parts of Scotland of wild or remote character should be designated to protect the environment and encourage public access grew in popularity throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Cairngorms National Park Experience the UK’s highest mountain range, explore ancient pine forests and become immersed in the Scottish wilderness. We’ve got plenty of adventurous inspiration all around us. [17][18] Mammal species include red deer and mountain hare,[17] as well as the only herd of reindeer in the British Isles. The Cairngorms National Park has the most extensive range of mountains in the whole of the UK, with arctic-like wilderness plateaus, encircled by beautiful valleys and rivers, climbing a Munro means you will pass through ancient Caledonian pinewoods, take in historic sites and reach summits higher than anywhere else in the British Isles. The ice ages of the last 2.5 million years have however left their mark both in terms of erosional and depositional features. Europe ; Royaume-Uni (UK) Écosse ; Highlands ; Aviemore and the Cairngorms ; Aviemore and the Cairngorms : toutes les activités ; Cairngorms National Park; Rechercher. To reduce erosion, the railway operates a "closed scheme" and only allows skiers (in season) out of the upper Ptarmigan station: other visitors may not access the mountain from the railway unless on a guided walk. p. 18 & p. 21, Geological Structure and Landscape of the Cairngorm Mountains. In 2011, the area was selected by the National Geographic Magazine as one of the top 20 places in the world to visit. 222 avis . There are almost 20,000 residents living within the park’s boundaries. [60] Some scenes were also being shot at the Ardverikie House Estate just outside the park. Popular: Booked by 134 travellers! This railway first opened in 2001 and connects the base station with a restaurant on Cairn Gorm mountain. [59], During summer 2019, filming of No Time to Die was taking place in the town of Aviemore and in the surrounding park area. [39], Tourism accounts for much of the economy and 43% of employment within the park area. [49], In addition to the Cairngorm Brewery, six distilleries are located within the Park area: Dalwhinnie distillery, The Glenlivet distillery, Tomintoul distillery, Royal Lochnagar distillery, Balmenach distillery and The Speyside distillery. Stay in a Cozy B&B or Cottage. [1] The mountain range of the Cairngorms lies at the heart of the national park, but forms only one part of it, alongside other hill ranges such as the Angus Glens and the Monadhliath, and lower areas like Strathspey and upper Deeside. Nº 6 sur 51 choses à voir/à faire à Aviemore and the Cairngorms. [55][56] The authority is headquartered in Grantown on Spey. Popular: Booked by 118 travelers! Explore the Park and some of its special corners on foot for free! Let your legs take you on a Cairngorms adventure and explore hundreds of paths and trails, When enjoying the outdoors know how to Tread Lightly in the Park, Experience nature in a natural outdoor classroom, Keep up to date with progress on the Local Development Plan 2020 and how you can get involved, Download your copy of the Shared Stories Anthology here, To enjoy the right of responsible access you have to show care, respect and responsibility, Cairngorms National Park Authority Other than a small outlier of Old Red Sandstone, there are no younger solid rocks within the national park. $46.95 per adult. [5] The majority of visitors are domestic, with 25 per cent coming from elsewhere in the UK, and 21 per cent being from other countries. Browse 1,522 cairngorms national park stock photos and images available, or search for cairngorms national park winter to find more great stock photos and pictures. Scotland’s Cairngorms National Park is, unbeknownst to many, the UK’s largest national park, its highlands and lowlands covering a vast 4,528km 2. [45], The Cairngorm Mountain Railway funicular was closed in October 2018 "due to health and safety concerns", or "structural problems" according to reports in summer 2019. The remaining seven members are nominated by the local authorities, with Highland and Aberdeenshire councils each appointing two members and the remaining three councils appointing one member each. the Hardangervidda National Park),[28][29] however Scotland in general lacks such areas, as thousands of years of human activity, including agriculture, historical deforestation, overgrazing by sheep and deer, and extensive 20th century afforestation with introduced tree species (particularly conifers), have resulted in landscapes which are best described as semi-natural. The herd is now stable at around 150 individuals, some born in Scotland and some introduced from Sweden. [20][6] In these forests can be found bird species such capercaillie, black grouse, Scottish crossbill, parrot crossbill and crested tit. The Cairngorms form an arctic-alpine mountain environment, with tundra-like characteristics and long-lasting snow patches. The Highland Main Line is the only mainline rail route through the park, however there are several other major roads, including the A86, which links Strathspey to Fort William, and the A93, which links the Deeside area of the park to both Perth and Aberdeen. [16], The largest of these plutons is the granite mass which forms the Cairngorms themselves and which was emplaced around 427 million years ago. Places to go and things to do. 13 reviews. [48], The Highland Wildlife Park also lies within the national park, and the Frank Bruce Sculpture Trail is located near Feshiebridge. [5] The park's mandate is sustainable tourism "that builds on, conserves and enhances [its] special qualities". 21 reviews. Not to brag or anything but the Cairngorms is an area home to lush forests, adorable wee Highland villages, fantastic wildlife, wild open spaces and of course its very own arctic mountain plateau! Receiving its National Park status in September 2003, the Cairngorms National Park is Britain's largest at 3800 sq km and offers breathtaking beauty filled with a magnificent array of wildlife. The expanse of pinewood that stretches from Glen Feshie to Abernethy forms the largest single area of this habitat remaining in Scotland, and the park as a whole holds more than half the surviving Caledonian forest. There are over 200 miles of way-marked paths around the communities of the Park, as well as numerous upland paths and long distance routes which traverse the Park.. Visit one of the nine National Nature Reserves in and on the edge of the Park, to experience an extra special slice of Cairngorms nature. Find the perfect Cairngorms National Park stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. [33] The government designated these five areas as "National Park Direction Areas", giving powers for planning decisions taken by local authorities to be reviewed by central government, however the areas were not given full national park status. [15] Geologists recognize a ‘Grampian event’, centred around 470 million years ago, which was responsible for the initial deformation of the Dalradian and relates to the collision of a volcanic island arc with Laurentia over a period of about 20 million years. The general purpose of the national park authority, as defined in the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000, is to ensure that these aims are "collectively achieved ...in a coordinated way". Looking … The Cairngorms (Scottish Gaelic: Am Monadh Ruadh) are a mountain range in the eastern Highlands of Scotland closely associated with the mountain of the Cairn Gorm. See them for yourself and share your spottings with us. [9], The Monadhliath mountains lie to the north of Strathspey, and comprise a bleak, wide plateau rising to between 700 and 950 m.[10][11], Two major transport routes run through the park, with both the A9 road and the Highland Main Line crossing over the Pass of Drumochter and running along Strathspey, providing links between the western and northern parts of the park and the cities of Perth and Inverness. Cairngorms National Park is its own world. Level 1: Highland and Moray Council areas Level 2: Aberdeenshire Council area Level 3: Perth & Kinross and Angus Council areas Those in Level 1 and 2 should avoid unnecessary travel into Level 3 areas and those in Level 3, should avoid any unnecessary travel out of their area. The marshes also receive winter visitors including greylag geese from Iceland and up to 200 whooper swans. 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