With his father's ascension Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. He ascended to the throne in 1972, just two years after marriage, as a result of the sudden death of his father, King Mahendra. King Birendra and the rest of the Nepalese Royal Family were slain in a bloodbath June 7, 2001 by crown prince Dipendra in a drunken frenzy. Late King Birendra was the first Nepalese monarch to receive a formal education. [3] He is credited for introducing SAARC in Asia in order to strengthen the foreign relations of Nepal with the other South Asian countries. On the ground floor was the private office of the then King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. With Dipendra’s suicide the following day, Gyanendra was unexpectedly called to ascend the throne, which he did on June 4. The King and Queen of Nepal have been shot dead after the heir to the throne went on the rampage with a gun before turning it on himself. Early life. Wearing eyeglasses and puffing on … They had three children, Prince Dipendra, Princess Shruti and Prince Niranjan who also died during the royal palace massacre. Dipendra's body was cremated after his funeral. Visit ofthe Kings of Spain in Nepal - Katmandhu.Cena gala hosted by King Birendra and Queen Aishwayra to the King of Spain Juan Carlos and Sofia. I think external interference played important role here. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? Early life: Late King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. Dipendra was proclaimed king but died a few days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds sustained in the massacre. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. Birendra was married to Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi from the Rana family, his second cousin, on 27 February 1970. To head this he chose Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, who he had imprisoned for several years. He had made it easy for his son Dipendra to follow, but Dipendra too is by now reduced to ashes by the banks of the Bagmati. It concludes with a very brief introduction to Birendra’s son Dipendra in his youth. Dipendra was proclaimed king but died a few days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds sustained in the massacre. After studying at Eton until 1964, he returned to Nepal where he began to explore the country by travelling on foot to the remote parts of the country where he lived on whatever was available in the villages and monasteries. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. His father was King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and mother was Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi. Almost all of the royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah, Birendra's younger brother. On the same day he declared that every child in the country was entitled to free education. The paper also questioned the official probe commission's report holding Dipendra responsible for the killings. On the ground floor was the private office of the then King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. He also wanted that the absolute power vested with the monarch be abolished and there should be a ‘Constitutional Monarchy’ instead. His wife, Queen Aiswarya; their daughter, Princess Shruti; and another son, Prince Nirajan, were also killed. Spread over 754 ropanis, the premises has a Nepal Army division in the north, Republic Memorial on the east and the offices of the Department of Passport of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the west. He was also an art collector and supporter of Nepalese crafts people and artists, and learnt to fly helicopters.[7]. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 1 June 2001) was the 11th King of Nepal and a South Asian statesman. In 1975, King Birendra declared Nepal as a ‘zone of peace’ and a neutral territory so that it could pursue a policy of non-alignment which would bring progress and prosperity. [7] Birendra resented the imputation that he was an absolute monarch, maintaining that he presided over a democracy in which representatives to the assembly were indirectly elected and saying that his poor and backward country could not afford a democracy based on party politics and that it needed firm and decisive government. In killing his father King Birendra and other family members before shooting himself, a love-crazed prince exposes Nepal to emotions it never knew and uncertainy it never wanted. On June 1, Crown Prince Dipendra assassinated King Birendra and eight other members of the royal family. He became the king of Nepal on January 31, 1972 after his father King Mahendra died. When he ascended the throne absolute power was vested in him with no other form of government in place. He endured the difficult change of heading the government of his mountain kingdom to … There he was smeared with mud taken from various symbolic places - the bottom of a lake, the tusk of an elephant, a mountain, the confluence of two rivers and the doorstep of a prostitute's house. The then Prince Dipendra also lived on the ground floor. Late King Birendrawas indeed a Godly personality!" The son of King Mahendra, whom he succeeded in 1972, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. The draft constitution was approved by the Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and his cabinet and so, on 9 November 1990, Birendra promulgated the new constitution transforming Nepal into a constitutional monarchy. The demand for another probe into the royal massacre has faded now, but the general people, political leaders and kith and kin of the royal family still recall the late King Birendra as a humble, polite and friendly king and June 1 as a black day in Nepal's history. The new constitution would make Birendra head of state of a constitutional monarchy with a system of multiparty democracy. State radio, interrupting broadcasts of mourning music for King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya and six others who died Friday night, said the successor to the throne, Dipendra, remained critically ill. This time, it is a different story altogether. He visited many countries in Latin America, Africa, and a number of Asian countries. He formally asked the international community to endorse his proposal that the United Nations should declare Nepal a ZoP, to give a new dimension to Nepalese stance for non-aligned movement. 1st June 2001, was a black day in Nepali history when King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, Prince Dipendra and 6 others were massacred inside the royal palace, Narayanhity. He lived on whatever he could get from the people. Well first King Birendra did good things but many other also fault him for keeping in place the Panchayat dictatorship after his father King Mahendra died in 1972 till 1990. The sages and saints of Haridwar in India called King Birendra a patron of the Hindu religion. With his father's ascension King Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. It is said that Shri Sadan was designed by King Birendra. It concludes with a very brief introduction to Birendra’s son Dipendra in his youth. On June 1, 2001 (according to the official version), King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, 55, considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was gunned down during a family dinner party here by his 30-year-old son, Crown Prince Dipendra. Birendra completed eight years teaching with his sister Gyanendra at St Joseph’s School, a Jesuit college in Darjeeling. Birendra had two brothers, Dhirendra Shah and Gyanendra Shah. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the king of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. The kitchen, dining room, wine bar and restroom are also on the ground floor. Birendra spent eight years studying at St Joseph's School, a Jesuit school in Darjeeling, with his brother Gyanendra. The ‘People’s Movement’ in 1990 was a success because of his simple and democratic views. On the auspicious occasion of his coronation, the King announced that he had ordered his government to make primary education available and free for every child, but disappointed those Nepalis who hoped that he would promise progress towards democracy.[13][14][15][16]. Some historians have speculated that King Birendra's democratic views and simple nature led to the success of the People's Movement I (1990). In 1959 King Birendra enrolled at E… The kitchen, dining room, wine bar and restroom are also on the ground floor. At the ordained time, the chief priest placed on the King's head the emerald green crown, encrusted with jewels and adorned with feathers from a bird of paradise. The legacy King Birendra bequeathed his Nepali subjects is a parliamentary democracy backed firmly by a constitutional monarchy. In 1990, a series of strikes and pro-democracy riots broke out in Nepal. However, the leaders advocating for the democracy and historians all have claimed that the referendum was rigged. Later, upon his father's death, Prince Dipendra was declared King of Nepal while … During the first two thirds of this period, he was an absolute ruler under the system he had inherited from his father, King Mahendra. King Birendra of Nepal was born in Kathmandu, Nepal, at the ‘Narayanhiti Royal Palace’ on December 29, 1945. Visit ofthe Kings of Spain in Nepal - Katmandhu.Cena gala hosted by King Birendra and Queen Aishwayra to the King of Spain Juan Carlos and Sofia. [7] Because of the growing pro-democracy movement Birendra announced that a referendum to decide between a non-party and a multi-party system would be held. Dipendra was first killed on the June one, 2001 at the royal palace before his father King Birendra and mother Aishwarya died of gunshots during a dinner party, Lal Bahadur Lamteri told Nepali language Naya Patrika daily. 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