[176] Pennsylvania holds the second-highest number of Boone & Crockett-recorded record black bears at 183, second only to Wisconsin's 299.[176]. A surge in immigration to the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided a steady flow of cheap labor for these industries, which often employed children and people who could not speak English. [54] Dickinson then wrote Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, which were published in the Pennsylvania Chronicle between December 2, 1767, and February 15, 1768. How are U.S. state nicknames … Not all Pennsylvania Germans are Amish. Among them, these teams have accumulated 7 World Series Championships (Pirates 5, Phillies 2), 16 National League Pennants (Pirates 9, Phillies 7), 3 pre-Super Bowl era NFL Championships (Eagles), 7 Super Bowl Championships (Steelers 6, Eagles 1), 2 NBA Championships (76ers), and 7 Stanley Cups (Penguins 5, Flyers 2). Following an architectural selection contest that many alleged had been "rigged", Chicago architect Henry Ives Cobb was charged with designing and building a replacement building; however, the legislature had little money to allocate to the project, and a roughly finished, somewhat industrial building (the Cobb Capitol) was completed. [63] Its dome was inspired by the domes of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and the United States Capitol. The Boone and Crockett Club shows that five of the ten largest (skull size) black bear entries came from the state. Pennsylvania is divided into 67 counties. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York, Carlisle, and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region. PNC is the state's largest bank and the sixth-largest in the United States. "[53] The ensuing hostilities became known as Pontiac's War. Like most nicknames, it is not known, for certain, where this name originated, but there are a few interesting thoughts about how this nickname came to be. Primary north–south highways are Interstate 79 from its terminus in Erie through Pittsburgh to West Virginia, Interstate 81 from New York through Scranton, Lackawanna County and Harrisburg to Maryland and Interstate 476, which begins 7 miles (11 km) north of the Delaware border, in Chester, Delaware County and travels 132 miles (212 km) to Clarks Summit, Lackawanna County, where it joins I-81. Pennsylvania is well known for its role in the American Revolution, its large communities of Amish, and its heavy industry. [181] The dam impounds the Allegheny River near Downtown Pittsburgh. As of 2010, it is estimated that about 85% of all Hispanics in Pennsylvania live within a 150-mile (240 km) radius of Philadelphia, with about 20% living within the city itself. Historically, Democratic strength was concentrated in Philadelphia in the southeast, the Pittsburgh and Johnstown areas in the southwest, and Scranton/Wilkes-Barre in the northeast. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. The majority of Hispanics in Pennsylvania are of Puerto Rican descent, having one of the largest and fastest-growing Puerto Rican populations in the country. The Keystone State and the Quaker State. The following are the four-year graduation rates for students completing high school in 2016:[164], Additionally, 27.5% have gone on to obtain a bachelor's degree or higher. Because one-third of Pennsylvania's population spoke German, the Constitution was presented in German to include those citizens in the discussion. [140] One county, Philadelphia County, is coterminous with the city of Philadelphia after it was consolidated in 1854. [138] Most criminal and civil cases originate in the Courts of Common Pleas, which also serve as appellate courts to the district judges and for local agency decisions. [185] Pitt plays its home games at Heinz Field, a facility it shares with the Pittsburgh Steelers, and is led by current head football coach Pat Narduzzi. Among them, these teams have accumulated 12 triple and double-A baseball league titles (RailRiders 1, Senators 6, Fightin Phils 4 Curve 1), 3 Arena Bowl Championships (Soul), and 11 Calder Cups (Bears). Hale, Horatio "The Iroquois Book of Rites" 1884. The other two teams are Philadelphia Union II and the Pittsburgh Riverhounds. [40], On February 28, 1681, Charles II granted a land charter[41] to William Penn to repay a debt of £16,000[42] (around £2,100,000 in 2008, adjusting for retail inflation)[43] owed to William's father, Admiral William Penn. Sport hunting in Pennsylvania provides a massive boost for the Commonwealth's economy. In 1923, President Calvin Coolidge established the Allegheny National Forest under the authority of the Weeks Act of 1911. [165] State students consistently do well in standardized testing. During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies (there are six states above it and six states below it). Commercial License Included. [93] According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the state's poverty rate was 12.5% in 2017, compared to 13.4% for the United States as a whole.[94]. [126], It also ranks 8th in the nation in Winemaking. Pennsylvania has 51 miles (82 km)[11] of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles (92 km)[7] of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. June 25, 2008. Penn suggested Sylvania, meaning woodland. We have a huge range of SVGs products available. The Allegheny River Lock and Dam Two is the most-used lock operated by the United States Army Corps of Engineers of its 255 nationwide. In general, under state law, school attendance in Pennsylvania is mandatory for a child from the age of 8 until the age of 17, or until graduation from an accredited high school, whichever is earlier. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. It is closest to Palatine German. The Peace of Breda between England, France and the Netherlands confirmed the English conquest on July 21, 1667,[35][36] although there were temporary reversions. The total of 56 cities, 958 boroughs, 93 first-class townships, 1,454 second-class townships, and one town (Bloomsburg) is 2,562 municipalities. That year, the Pittsburgh Savings & Trust Company received a national charter and renamed itself the First National Bank of Pittsburgh as part of the National Banking Act. The Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (PASSHE) is the public university system of the Commonwealth, with 14 state-owned schools. Berkheimer, Keystone Collections, and Jordan Tax Service) appointed by a particular county to collect the local earned income and local services tax (the latter a flat fee deducted from salaried employees working within a particular municipality or school district). [45] Penn established a government with two innovations that were much copied in the New World: the county commission and freedom of religious conviction. There are 1,454 second-class townships and 93 first-class townships. The Pittsburgh suburbs, historically a Democratic stronghold, have swung more Republican since the turn of the millennium. "2010 Public Transportation Fact Book", p. 8. "Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Fact Book", p. 7. Townships are the third type of municipality in Pennsylvania and are classified as either first-class or second-class townships. Pennsylvania shares the designation "Commonwealth" with Virginia, Kentucky and Massachusetts. So, in 1799 the General Assembly moved to the Lancaster Courthouse,[63] and finally in 1812 to Harrisburg. Pennsylvania offers a number of notable amusement parks, including Camel Beach, Conneaut Lake Park, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, Dutch Wonderland, DelGrosso's Amusement Park, Hersheypark, Idlewild Park, Kennywood, Knoebels, Lakemont Park, Sandcastle Waterpark, Sesame Place, Great Wolf Lodge and Waldameer Park. The first World Series between the Boston Pilgrims (which became the Boston Red Sox) and Pittsburgh Pirates was played in Pittsburgh in 1903. [163] As of 2005, 83.8% of Pennsylvania residents age 18 to 24 have completed high school. The center of population of Pennsylvania is located in Perry County, in the borough of Duncannon. Within the first half of 2003, the annual Tekko commences in Pittsburgh. United States Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, List of Pennsylvania counties by per capita income, List of Pennsylvania locations by per capita income, List of towns and boroughs in Pennsylvania, List of county seats in Pennsylvania (by population), List of census-designated places in Pennsylvania, List of colleges and universities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, List of public transit authorities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Most spoken languages in Pennsylvania in 2010", "General Coastline and Shoreline Mileage of the United States", 2006 Statistical Abstract: Geography & Environment: Land and Land Use, "National Park Service: Our Fourth Shore", "Climate Information—National Weather Service Central PA", Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania-1681, "Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh", https://philadelphiaencyclopedia.org/archive/treaty-of-shackamaxon-2/, https://hiddencityphila.org/2014/05/respectfully-remembering-the-affable-one/, "An account of the remarkable occurrences in the life and travels of Colonel James Smith (Late a citizen of Bourbon County, Kentucky) : during his captivity with the Indians, in the years 1755,'56, '57, '58, & '59", "Library of Congress: Primary documents—The Declaration of Independence", "Pennsylvania ratifies the Constitution of 1787", "The National Forests of the United States", "Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident", "In Japan, workers struggling to hook up power to Fukushima reactor", "Pennsylvania QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", John Mortonin jalanjäljillä Philadelphiassa, YLE: John Mortonin syntyperä syynissä Raytalammilla, "American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Research Brief : The Commonwealth's Official Source for Population and Economic Statistics", "Puerto Ricans Leave N.Y. Report Tells Where They Go—Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños", "Thedailyjournal—Puerto Rico's population exodus is all about jobs", "Population and Population Centers by State—2000", "Table 16: Resident Population by Age and State: 2010", "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 67, Number 1, January 31, 2018", "Religious composition of adults in Pennsylvania", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Amish Country | Ohio | Visitor Information", "Friends General Conference States (2010)—QuickLists—The Association of Religion Data Archives", "New Hampshire Now Least Religious State in U.S", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Appeals court races wrap up with focus on voter mobilization", "Wal-Mart tops Pa. list of largest private employers", "Pennsylvania GDP and Per-Capita GDP | Department of Numbers", "Pennsylvania: real GDP growth 2000–2017 | Statistic", "Notice: Data not available: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics", "What is PA Preferred? 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