My e-mail is at the bottom of the page. After controlling the Malacca (Malaysia) in 1511, the What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. Meanwhile, Portugal had lost most of its territory in Asia, but the decline of Portugal’s East Asian empire increased interest in its African colonies. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, The Castle of Good Hope: A Dutch Fort in South Africa, The Dutch in Formosa 1624-1662, 1664-1668, Tidore: The Spanish forts on the island of Tidore, 1606-1663, Ceylon (Sri Lanka). In Jan. 1598 the King of Cambodia give to the Portuguese Captain Diogo Veloso, the “Ilha de Choro do Mar do Rio de Prequelapo até a ponta de Troi Polon” to build a fortress in the name of the King of Portugal. Portuguese Colonies Angola 1945 Emergency Issue, 90a green on black, vertical pair, used on back, in combination with regular franking on flown cover to Luanda, cover slightly reduced, with arrival postmark $150.00 Approx. Like the French, Portuguese colonists were not opposed to mixing with local peoples and creating creole populations. Portugal lost its claim to the Congo in the 1880s to Belgium, largel… They understood that the Portuguese would soon reach Asia and, in this competitive race to reach the Far East, the Spanish rulers decided to act. The Portuguese did retreat from Asia after 1610, but they remained dominant in Brazil and in the Southern Atlantic, and therefore a general explanation has to account for these diverging outcomes. Portuguese: A battery was built between 1606/1615, the fort was never completed by the Portuguese; the Dutch assault of 1640 began before the fort was finished and at the end the Portuguese had to abandon their partly accomplished fort. Goa was Portugal’s first territorial possession in Asia, captured by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510, and it served as the main Portuguese base in the East for four and a half centuries. The Portuguese found trade route through the Indian Ocean to Asia. The Southern Province, also known simply as Goa, was the headquarters of Portuguese India, and seat of the Portuguese viceroy who governed the Portuguese possessions in Asia. (***In Ternate the Dutch built the Fort Malayo or Fort Orange), Hanna Des Alwi “Turbulent times past in Ternate and Tidore”, Amboina or Amboino (Kota Ambon, Ambon Island): (03°42’S – 128°10’E) Fortaleza da Nossa Senhora da Anunciada (1576), Portuguese: 1569 wooden fort (north coast), 1572 wooden fort (south coast), 25 Mar. The annexation of Goa by India from the Portuguese happened in 1961. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. in Asia, Portuguese Colonialism Likewise, it makes no sense to While preserving European neutrality, declaring the struggle against Belgium an internal conflict, the Netherlands faced all the fiercer challenges in their colonies. the fort is renamed Fort Henricus. Campos “History of the Portuguese in Bengal” Diffie-Winius “Foundation of the Portuguese empire 1415-1580” Guedes “Interferência e integração dos Portugueses na Birmania 1580-1630”. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, List of Danish colonial forts and possessions, Malacca, Thailand, and Philippines. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, East Africa. A key supporter of this policy was Infante Dom Henry the Navigator, who had been involved in the capture of Ceuta, and who took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese maritime exploration until his death in 1460. Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe, two small archipelagos located off the western coast of Africa, were also colonized by the Portuguese. Finally I am passionate about astronomy. Pegu Kingdom: The Portuguese controlled the Kingdom of Pegu between 1600 and 1613. www.colonialvoyage.com © Copyright 1998-2020, All Rights Reserved. Pages in category "Former Portuguese colonies" The following 133 pages are in this category, out of 133 total. All areas of the world that were once part of the Portuguese Empire One of the ways the Portuguese affected the places they occupied was in the language. By the 1800s the Europeans were in a position to establish their authority over much of Asia, particularly the Indian subcontinent and southeast Asia. Source: Marco Ramerini “Spanish presence in the Moluccas, 1606-1663” unpublished research), Marco Ramerini “Spanish presence in the Moluccas, 1606-1663”, Ternate (Ternate Island): (00°45’N – 127°20’E) Fortaleza de São João Baptista or Castelo Gammalamma (1522), Portuguese: 1513 feitoria, 24 Jun. In addition to human slaves, diamonds and gold were also traded. With the financial aid of Prince Henry the Navigator, famous explorers such as Vasco de Gama and Bartolomeu Dias led the exploration of these territories. WIC (West-Indische Compagnie), South East Asia and the Far East. The only thing is that the article must be original and not previously published on other websites. The Portuguese colonial empire was the first and the last European empire overseas, from the conquest of Ceuta (1415), in Morocco, North Africa, until the formal handover of Macau to the People’s Republic of China (1999). wooden fort *, According to L.F.Thomaz “L’ambassade de 1521” in: Bouchon e Thomaz “Voyage dans le Delta du Gange et de l’Irrawady: relation portugaise anonyme 1521” and Subrahmanyam “Improvising Empire – Portuguese trade and settlements in the Bay of Bengal 1500 – 1700” or “”Comércio e conflito – A presença portuguesa no Golfo de Bengala 1500 – 1700”, *It’s probable that this fort wasn’t built by the Portuguese. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century, Ceylon (Sri Lanka). 1613. They were uninhabited before the … Although Ceuta proved to be a disappointment for the Portuguese, the decision was taken to hold it while exploring along the Atlantic African coast. Muar: (02°03’N – 102°34’E) Fortaleza de Muar (1604), Pacem or Passumah (Puuek, Sumatra Island): (05°09’N – 97°14’E), Portuguese: 1520/21 fort – May 1524* (*1523 Conceição Flores “Os Portugueses o o Sião no século XVI”), Gaspar Correia “Lendas da Índia” Tomo II ,Parte II ,pp.795, Makassar (Sulawesi Island): (05°08’S – 119°24’E), Portuguese: ? 35/6. Soldiers all contributed in different ways and colonist was first introduced to Southeast Asia by Iberian (Portuguese and Spanish) missionaries and colonists (Roxborogh, 1995). I research and write about history. The pressure for Portugal to let go of its colonies began in the 20th century. After Portugal set its eyes on the country, they began colonizing Brazil after the signing of the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, which was signed in Spain. Chincheo or Chinchew (Zhangzhou ?, Fukien): (24°31’N – 117°39’E) ? Photographer. island near Macao): (? This web site was first on line on 3 October 1998 (at geocities.com as "Dutch Portuguese Colonial History"). The gradual decline of the Portuguese empire was brought about by their small population, which led to a shortage of workers to look after the colonies as they kept on expanding into new territories. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia. The former Portuguese colony of the Republic of Cape Verde is an island country 570 kilometers off the West African coast. Campos “History of the Portuguese in Bengal” Diffie-Winius “Foundation of the Portuguese empire 1415-1580” Guedes “Interferência e integração dos Portugueses na Birmania 1580-1630”, Portuguese: 1524 conquered, a few day after abandoned, Conceiçao Flores “Os Portugueses e o Sião no século XVI”. In 1936-1937 the Portuguese military colonial garrison in Macau (Portuguese colony in China) numbered exactly 497 men - 22 Portuguese officers, 35 Portuguese NCO's and 440 soldiers, including 224 native Traveler, writer of online tourist guides. Aside from Goa, which was their jewel due to the spices, the Portuguese also established settlements in other places such as Daman, Mumbai, Chaul, and other places. Subrahmanyam “Improvising Empire – Portuguese trade and settlements in the Bay of Bengal 1500 – 1700” or “”Comércio e conflito – A presença portuguesa no Golfo de Bengala 1500 – 1700” Conceiçao Flores “Os Portugueses e Sião no século XVI”. They did not find an advanced civilisation with hoards of precious metals for plunder, or a social discipline and organisation geared to provide steady tribute which they could appropriate. In addition, it is one of the formal languages of bodies such as the European and the African Unions. 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