Which of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or to the act of running over such ice. Sailing from Eastern spice cultivators to Western European consumers gradually replaced the land-locked spice routes once facilitated by the Middle East Arab caravans.[2]. Sept. 10, 2018 -- A surge in dangerous side effects and overdoses has put the spotlight on cannabinoid drugs that go by names like K2, Spice, … 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? [18], A study by the Food and Drug Administration of shipments of spices to the United States during fiscal years 2007-2009 showed about 7% of the shipments were contaminated by Salmonella bacteria, some of it antibiotic-resistant. Centuries ago, spices were very expensive and could only be afforded by the rich. A frequently used spice such as black pepper may merit storage in its own hand grinder or mill. Top SPICE abbreviation meanings updated January 2021 Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! India contributes 75% of global spice production. Since becoming the viceroy of the Indies, he took Goa in India in 1510, and Malacca on the Malay peninsula in 1511. However, when used in larger quantity, spices can also contribute a substantial amount of minerals and other micronutrients, including iron, magnesium, calcium, and many others, to the diet. "[16] In fact, Cristoforo di Messisbugo suggested in the 16th century that pepper may speed up spoilage. In 1506, he took the island of Socotra in the mouth of the Red Sea and, in 1507, Ormuz in the Persian Gulf. [citation needed], Spices are primarily used as food flavoring. Spice definition, any of a class of pungent or aromatic substances of vegetable origin, as pepper, cinnamon, or cloves, used as seasoning, preservatives, etc. In the biblical poem Song of Solomon, the male speaker compares his beloved to many forms of spices. We’ve got the usual suspects of lattes, candles, and lotions – just to name a few. It's effects are much stronger than those of natural marijuana, and although not thoroughly researched, are known to be dangerous. The word nutmeg comes from the latin word nux, which means nut, and muscat, meaning musky. [note 1] The ancient Indian epic Ramayana mentions cloves. [13][14][15] In fact, spices are rather ineffective as preservatives as compared to salting, smoking, pickling, or drying, and are ineffective in covering the taste of spoiled meat. Encyclopedia of Jewish Food, p. 453, Gil Marks, John Wiley & Sons, 2010. Cinnamon and cassia found their way to the Middle East at least 4,000 years ago. spice noun (FOOD) B1 [ C or U ] a substance made from a plant, used to give a special flavour to food: Cinnamon, ginger, and cloves are all spices. The Indian Institute of Spices Research in Kozhikode, Kerala, is devoted exclusively to conducting research for ten spice crops: black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, clove, garcinia, ginger, nutmeg, paprika, turmeric, and vanilla. The themes also provide a way to organize comparisons and analyze change and continuity over time. That was because they were brought by ships that sailed to distant exotic places. Thus, the flavor is maximized by storing a spice whole and grinding when needed. 2. But, its effects are sometimes very different from marijuana, and often much stronger. Social. English: metonymic occupational name for a spicer (see Spicer). She wanted it to be a symbol of joy growing in her garden. Accessed 18 Jan. 2021. The trade made the region rich. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. [note 3] Ground spices are better stored away from light. The Egyptians used herbs for mummification and their demand for exotic spices and herbs helped stimulate world trade. The royal palaces and courts across these regions valued them highly and incorporated them in their royal cuisine. The vast movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of England of 1066 brought the Spice family name to the British Isles. Grinding a spice greatly increases its surface area and so increases the rates of oxidation and evaporation. They are also used to perfume cosmetics and incense. (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : any of various aromatic vegetable products (such as pepper or nutmeg) used to season or flavor foods. Arab merchants facilitated the routes through the Middle East and India. [citation needed], Another source of competition in the spice trade during the 15th and 16th century was the Ragusans from the maritime republic of Dubrovnik in southern Croatia.[9]. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. By 1000 BCE, medical systems based … For several years now, pumpkin spice has been the flavor and scent that lets many of us know that it is officially fall. [11][12] This is false. What’s the history of Old Spice dating back to World War II times? The Gato Negro café and spice shop (Buenos Aires, Argentina), A spice shop selling a variety of spices in Iran, Vegetable substance other than leaves primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food, For the sensation of eating spicy-hot foods, see. [10] At various periods, many spices have been believed to have medicinal value. [22], Most herbs and spices have substantial antioxidant activity, owing primarily to phenolic compounds, especially flavonoids, which influence nutrition through many pathways, including affecting the absorption of other nutrients. [8] When da Gama discovered the pepper market in India, he was able to secure peppers for a much cheaper price than the ones demanded by Venice. This contrasts to herbs which are usually added late in preparation. Send us feedback. Shipments from Mexico and India, a major producer, were the most frequently contaminated. He was specifically looking for spices to put in wine, and was not alone among European monarchs at the time to have such a desire for spice.[7]. In the story of Genesis, Joseph was sold into slavery by his brothers to spice merchants. 1. a. any of several vegetable substances, as cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, or pepper, used to season food; spices are usually dried for use and have distinctive flavors and aromas. The International Organization for Standardization addresses spices and condiments, along with related food additives, as part of the International Classification for Standards 67.220 series.[25]. a cologne for men that captures all of the, Miles’ few new abilities add a little bit of, This Thanksgiving, the winery's 2018 Gap’s Crown Vineyard Chardonnay is a prime choice for food pairings, with aromas of cream, vanilla, tropical fruits, fresh melon, and hints of baking, The smoky, salty, crusted beef provides the X factor in the equation, bursting with rich flavor that changes bite by bite between the soft rice and seams of, Made fresh every morning with the right amount of, The spicy chicken sandwich is spicy because of the breading of the chicken, a much more tolerable level of, If your kitchen is anything like mine, the coronavirus outbreak has taken a heck of a toll on your, Among the many challenges brought on by the pandemic, some far more urgent than others, is the inability to, The glossy, dark blue polish Jenner decided on is a great option for anyone who's sick of wearing different variations of red and wants to, Leave the stress of cooking behind and order out from your favorite eatery, or, That’s a wide range of scenarios, so here’s a specific suggestion for how to, One of my favorite things to make is a green bean casserole queso- to, The two future residents of Canton, Ohio — at least their busts in the Pro Football Hall of Fame, that is —. [example needed], The spice trade developed throughout the Indian subcontinent[1] by at earliest 2000 BCE with cinnamon and black pepper, and in East Asia with herbs and pepper. One study found cumin and fresh ginger to be highest in antioxidant activity.[23]. The word spice comes from the Old French word espice, which became epice, and which came from the Latin root spec, the noun referring to "appearance, sort, kind": specieshas the same root. b. The most popular explanation for the love of spices in the Middle Ages is that they were used to preserve meat from spoiling, or to cover up the taste of meat that had already gone off. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are the leaves, flowers, or stems of plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. Spices are the flowers, fruit, seeds, bark, and roots typically of tropical plants and range from brown to black to red in color. English Language Learners Definition of spice (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for spice in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for spice, Nglish: Translation of spice for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of spice for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about spice. Delivered to your inbox! History Nutmeg is considered to be one of the most tragic spices in history. Food additives", "Food Bacteria-Spice Survey Shows Why Some Cultures Like It Hot", "Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of garlic in chicken sausage", "Common Kitchen Spices Kill E. Coli O157:H7", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spice&oldid=1001141148, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing examples from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 12:03. They typically suggest adding spices toward the end of the cooking process, where they could have no preservative effect whatsoever. [11], It is often claimed that spices were used either as food preservatives or to mask the taste of spoiled meat, especially in the Middle Ages. Light contributes to oxidation processes. Let's start at the beginning though. [21], Because they tend to have strong flavors and are used in small quantities, spices tend to add few calories to food, even though many spices, especially those made from seeds, contain high portions of fat, protein, and carbohydrate by weight. Learn a new word every day. Looking for the definition of SPICE? This development kept the spice trade, with America as a latecomer with its new seasonings, profitable well into the 19th century. It has been estimated that around 1,000  tons of pepper and 1,000  tons of the other common spices were imported into Western Europe each year during the Late Middle Ages. The Silk Road was a dangerous and long trade route that went from China to Europe. Spain and Portugal were interested in seeking new routes to trade in spices and other valuable products from Asia. Back in the the 1930’s, Schultz was inspired by the scent of his mother’s rose jar and began experimenting in … Sailing helped to speed up the shipment of spices. Mace definition is - an aromatic spice consisting of the dried external fibrous covering of a nutmeg. The Romans had cloves in the 1st century CE, as Pliny the Elder wrote about them. Before learning about the history of herbs and spices, it is necessary to define these terms. [8] The most exclusive was saffron, used as much for its vivid yellow-red color as for its flavor. In addition to being desired by those using medieval medicine, the European elite also craved spices in the Middle Ages. Research suggests that Spice and other forms of synthetic cannabis is capable of producing much more intense and prolonged effects at much lower doses than natural cannabis. … Definition of spice. Automotive SPICEis a process maturity framework to assess the capability and maturity of organisational processes to develop software resp. To grind a whole spice, the classic tool is mortar and pestle. Spice is not a single drug, but a range of laboratory-made chemicals that mimic the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive component of cannabis. 104K Historical Documents. JWH-018 was an aminoalklindole originally developed by John Huffman of Clemson University in the US and sold under the brand name: Spice. The spice trade developed throughout the Indian subcontinent by at earliest 2000 BCE with cinnamon and black pepper, and in East Asia with herbs and pepper. [7] At around the same time, Christopher Columbus returned from the New World. See more. The free eBook Life in the Ancient World guides you through craft centers in ancient Jerusalem, family structure across Israel and articles on ancient practices—from dining to makeup—across the Mediterranean world. Generally, spices are dried. For example, a teaspoon of paprika contains about 1133 IU of Vitamin A, which is over 20% of the recommended daily allowance specified by the US FDA. 2 a archaic : a small portion, quantity, or admixture : dash. Although the exact origins of five-spice powder are lost to history, there is some thought that the Chinese were attempting to produce a "wonder powder" encompassing all of the five elements—wood, fire, earth, metal, and water. Bloody wars have been waged over the control of this spice and many have died in an attempt to gain control of its production. spice in American English. In general, spices have a more pungent flavor than herbs. 3 : a pungent or fragrant odor : perfume. 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