11.26% of residents are not US citizens. [173][174], Chicago became a "de jure" sanctuary city in 2012 when Mayor Rahm Emanuel and the City Council passed the Welcoming City Ordinance. However, it was less than in many smaller American cities, including New Orleans, Newark, and Detroit, which had 53 murders per 100,000 residents in 2012. The proximity to Lake Michigan tends to keep the Chicago lakefront somewhat cooler in summer and less brutally cold in winter than inland parts of the city and suburbs away from the lake. [111] The South Side is the largest section of the city, encompassing roughly 60% of the city's land area. Chicago is a major world convention destination. All of its major franchises have won championships within recent years – the Bears (1985), the Bulls (1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, and 1998), the White Sox (2005), the Cubs (2016), the Blackhawks (2010, 2013, 2015), and the Fire (1998). Chicago Heights is a city located in the county of Cook in the U.S. state of Illinois. Other museums and galleries in Chicago include the Chicago History Museum, the Driehaus Museum, the DuSable Museum of African American History, the Museum of Contemporary Art, the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum, the Polish Museum of America, the Museum of Broadcast Communications, the Pritzker Military Library, the Chicago Architecture Foundation, and the Museum of Science and Industry. After playing its first eight seasons at Soldier Field, the team moved to suburban Bridgeview to play at SeatGeek Stadium. [181] since the 20th century Chicago has also been the headquarters of the Assyrian Church of the East. Formerly a state legislator representing Chicago and later a US Senator, the city is home of former United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama. [193] The city is the seat of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, the Bank's Seventh District. [264] In addition to ongoing beautification and renewal projects for the existing parks, a number of new parks have been added in recent years, such as the Ping Tom Memorial Park in Chinatown, DuSable Park on the Near North Side, and most notably, Millennium Park, which is in the northwestern corner of one of Chicago's oldest parks, Grant Park in the Chicago Loop. The McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade is seen across the nation on WGN-TV and WGN America, featuring a variety of diverse acts from the community, marching bands from across the country, and is the only parade in the city to feature inflatable balloons every year.[217]. Grant Park holds Millennium Park, Buckingham Fountain (1927), and the Art Institute of Chicago. [260] A number of Chicago neighborhoods emerged along these roadways in the 19th century. From 1989 until May 16, 2011, Chicago was under the leadership of its longest-serving mayor, Richard M. Daley, the son of Richard J. Daley. The City Council is the legislative branch and is made up of 50 aldermen, one elected from each ward in the city. Chicago is currently declining at a rate of. The best source for official data about Chicago from the 2010 census is, of course, the official census website. [247] They have won three World Series titles, including the 2016 World Series, but had the dubious honor of having the two longest droughts in American professional sports: They had not won their sport's title since 1908, and had not participated in a World Series since 1945, both records, until they beat the Cleveland Indians in the 2016 World Series. Chicago is one of the largest hubs of passenger rail service in the nation. [271], Chicago had a murder rate of 18.5 per 100,000 residents in 2012, ranking 16th among US cities with 100,000 people or more. Kortmann, Bernd, Kate Burridge, Rajend Mesthrie, Edgar W. Schneider and Clive Upton (eds). [289] In 2013, the city's murder rate was only slightly higher than the national average as a whole. Navy Pier, located just east of Streeterville, is 3,000 ft (910 m) long and houses retail stores, restaurants, museums, exhibition halls and auditoriums. Chicago, city, seat of Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. With a population of nearly three million, Chicago is the state’s largest and the country’s third most populous city. [306] His legacy continues with the multiple community colleges in the Chicago proper, including the seven City Colleges of Chicago: Richard J. Daley College, Kennedy–King College, Malcolm X College, Olive–Harvey College, Truman College, Harold Washington College and Wilbur Wright College, in addition to the privately held MacCormac College. For every 100 females there are 94.7 males. “Illinoisans are leaving—a message (Gov. People QuickFacts Chicago Illinois; Population, 2003 estimate : 2,869,121: 12,653,544: Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2003 -0.9%: 1.9% Village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. Chicago has 28 sister cities around the world. The entertainment and cultural magazine Time Out Chicago and GRAB magazine are also published in the city, as well as local music magazine Chicago Innerview. These relationships have sought to promote economic, cultural, educational, and other ties. The city's main convention center is McCormick Place. Chicago is the most crowded city in Illinois and the Midwestern United States and also the biggest city of Illinois. [331] Both O'Hare and Midway are owned and operated by the City of Chicago. Chicago , officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois, and the third most populous city in the United States. Growth, fueled by wave after wave of immigration; continued right up until 1950, where Chicago reached its highest ever population of 3,620,962. $40,277 ±$962 Per capita income about the same as the amount in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metro Area: $40,144 ±$321; about 10 percent higher than the amount in Illinois: $37,728 ±$260 In 2014[update], Chicago attracted 50.17 million domestic leisure travelers, 11.09 million domestic business travelers and 1.308 million overseas visitors. Through the 90's Chicago's population has grown by about 4%. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) performs at Symphony Center, and is recognized as one of the best orchestras in the world. In the 1800s, Chicago became the nation's railroad hub, and by 1910 over 20 railroads operated passenger service out of six different downtown terminals. Chicago is also featured in a few video games, including Watch Dogs and Midtown Madness, a real-life, car-driving simulation game. Political spinners enjoyed a first-class feast over the holidays when the U.S. Census Bureau released new estimates showing that, for the seventh year in a row, Illinois lost population in the year ended June 30. Several private schools are completely secular, such as the Latin School of Chicago in the Near North Side neighborhood, the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools in Hyde Park, the British School of Chicago and the Francis W. Parker School in Lincoln Park, the Lycée Français de Chicago in Uptown, the Feltre School in River North and the Morgan Park Academy. [22][23][24][25][26] Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis (Sears) Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. (formerly ImprovOlympic). This project began with the construction and improvement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, and was completed with the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal that connects to the Illinois River, which flows into the Mississippi River. What was the peak population of Chicago? In the forty years from 1850 to 1890, the city's population grew from slightly under 30,000 to over 1 million. [117] Many of the city's residential streets have a wide patch of grass and/or trees between the street and the sidewalk itself. [269] For much of the 20th century, Chicago has been among the largest and most reliable Democratic strongholds in the United States; with Chicago's Democratic vote the state of Illinois has been "solid blue" in presidential elections since 1992. Since 1999, Judge Mathis also films his syndicated arbitration-based reality court show at the NBC Tower. The independents finally gained control of city government in 1983 with the election of Harold Washington (in office 1983–1987). In February 1856, Chicago's Common Council approved Chesbrough's plan to build the United States' first comprehensive sewerage system. The aldermanic, mayoral, and other city offices are filled through nonpartisan elections with runoffs as needed. Two of the city's largest parks are also located on this side of the city: Jackson Park, bordering the waterfront, hosted the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, and is the site of the aforementioned museum; and slightly west sits Washington Park. Lincoln Park contains the Lincoln Park Zoo and the Lincoln Park Conservatory. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 2,695,600 . [195] Illinois is home to 66 Fortune 1000 companies, including those in Chicago. Last three years, it has recorded negative growth due to lack of opportunities in the city. The challenge for early writers was that Chicago was a frontier outpost that transformed into a global metropolis in the span of two generations. Population near School, W School St, 60641, Chicago (IL) Home. Henry Darger is one of the most celebrated figures of outsider art. Unemployed workers, relief recipients, and unpaid schoolteachers held huge demonstrations during the early years of the Great Depression. [127] Multiple kinds and scales of houses, townhouses, condominiums, and apartment buildings can be found throughout Chicago. Dhoom 3, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Transformers: Age of Extinction, Transformers: The Last Knight, Divergent, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Sinister 2, Suicide Squad. In 2015, roughly 4% of the population identified as LGBT. The Chicago Marathon has been held each year since 1977 except for 1987, when a half marathon was run in its place. At the Call of Duty League's Launch Week games in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the Chicago Huntsmen went on to beat both the Dallas Empire and Optic Gaming Los Angeles. [234] The tradition of serving the Greek dish saganaki while aflame has its origins in Chicago's Greek community. [266] Washington Park is also one of the city's biggest parks; covering nearly 400 acres (160 ha). The City Beautiful movement inspired Chicago's boulevards and parkways. The Maxwell Street Polish is a grilled or deep-fried kielbasa—on a hot dog roll, topped with grilled onions, yellow mustard, and hot sport peppers. [16] Moreover, the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, which helped move goods from the Great Lakes south on the Mississippi River, and of the railroads in the 19th century made the city a major transportation center in the United States. In 2015, 26.5 percent of Chicago households were without a car, and increased slightly to 27.5 percent in 2016. this number is estimated to be around 9,554,598. including some useful Chicago population maps, the 2010 census as it applied to the Windy City at the Chicago Tribune newspaper, the census undercounted the city's population by around 200,000 people. In the summer of 2016, Navy Pier constructed a DW60 Ferris wheel. Judaism has 261,000 adherents which is 3% of the population being the second largest religion. The grid's regularity provided an efficient means of developing new real estate property. View the Chicago, IL population and other interesting demographics including: median age, male to female ratio, marital status, source of income, languages spoken and race breakdown. Lakeview is home to Boystown, the city's large LGBT nightlife and culture center. It is one of the 10 principal cities of the Chicago, IL Metro Area.Chicago is located in northeast Illinois in Cook County near Lake Michigan. Since 2005 Chicago's population has grown by about 1%. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, defined as either the U.S. Census … [184] Many international religious leaders have visited Chicago, including Mother Teresa, the Dalai Lama[185] and Pope John Paul II in 1979.[186]. 63.98% of Chicago residents speak only English, while 36.02% speak other languages. Anarchist and socialist groups played prominent roles in creating very large and highly organized labor actions. [138][139][140] Spring and autumn are mild, short seasons, typically with low humidity. The Chicago Pride Parade, held the last Sunday in June, is one of the world's largest with over a million people in attendance. [citation needed][304]. The Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL) began play in 1926, and are one of the "Original Six" teams of the NHL. Looking back into historical data also shows some interesting trends – non-Hispanic whites made up 59% of the residents of Chicago in 1970, falling to just 31.7% in 2010 – which indicates that many of the people leaving the city over the past few decades for the suburbs have been from among its relatively more affluent white population. Almost a quarter of the state population is living in Chicago due to the job opportunities there. There are also the private Chicago Academy for the Arts, a high school focused on six different categories of the arts and the public Chicago High School for the Arts, a high school focused on five categories (visual arts, theatre, musical theatre, dance, and music) of the arts. Assyrian Church of the largest enrollment is Lane Technical College Prep high School rave culture, commerce industry. 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