He is sport­ing in various forms. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to relinquish ignorance and passion and how everyone can adopt the path of pure goodness until they acquire the ability to transcend them. Einstein said: Opportunity lies in the middle of difficulties. Thus, pain is born in the womb of pleasure. Even the joy of going to heaven is followed by the sorrow of coming back to the earth; therefore, worldly objects should not be the main goal of human life. The universe is a playground designed by God for the living entities. When a person learns to control or withdraw the senses from sense objects, as a tortoise retracts its limbs inside its shell in time of danger and cannot be forced to extend its limbs again until the trouble is over, the lamp of Self-knowledge becomes lighted, and one perceives the self-effulgent Supreme Being within (MB 12.174.51). Adhyaya 4 The Mind becomes Peaceful. (2.72). The game cannot continue if the pairs of opposites are altogether eliminated. Death is the separation of the subtle body from the physical body. They are regarded as a heavenly ship (RV 10.63.10) and criticized as a frail raft (MuU 1.2.07). Rebirth is the result of their action. Bhagavad Gita Summary (Swami Tapasyananda) Preface ... we start the first chapter of the Bhagavat Gita. Bhagavad Gita is a practical guide to one's life that guides you to re-organise your life, achieve inner peace and approach the Supreme Lord (the Ultimate Reality). Spirit (Atma) is immortal. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna reveals the transcendental characteristics of the omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent and explains the purpose and value of knowing and realizing God. The Self exists everywhere and at all times---past, present, and future. Find your way in the darkness of the night of ad­versity with the torch of the scriptures and faith in God. It is liberation from attachment to the material body and achieving a state of bliss with God, International Gita Society, Esatablished 1984, © www.gita-society.com All Rights Reserved. But the scriptures also say that anyone who is engaged in abominable activities or supports misdeeds against you or others, is no longer to be respected, but punished. Very similar ideas are expressed in other scriptures of the world. (2.40). One attains peace when all desires dissipate within the mind without creating any mental disturbance, just as river waters enter the full ocean without creating any dis­turbance. When the desire for happiness disappears, so does the sorrow. The myopia of short-term, personal gain, caused by ignorance of metaphysics, is the root of all evils in society and the world. One cannot see one’s face in a pot of water that is dis­turbed by the wind, similarly one is unable to realize one’s true Self when the mind and senses remain perturbed by the winds of material desires (MB 12.204.03). Peace is born in the womb of war. (2.43), The resolute determination for God-realization is not possible for those ignorant ones who are attached to pleasure and power and whose judgment is obscured by ritualistic activities for fulfillment of material desires. This would mean that Lord Krishna should not expect Arjuna to understand and follow His teachings! (2.50). Maya comes in between Brahman and the world. Arjuna had a valid point. (2.22). Subhamoy Das is the co-author of "Applied Hinduism: Ancient Wisdom for Today's World." The unreal (Asat, body, creation) has a temporary (or Mithya) existence and the real (Sat, Atma) always exists. Such a wide choice of methods does not exist in any other system, religion, or way or life. It takes two to play a game. Benefits of Reading the Gita 1.Freedom from fear and sorrow 2.Attaining Visnu Padam (the state of Vishnu, the omnipresent preserver.) One should first replace the lower desires with higher desires and then renounce the highest desires also and be­come absolutely free. Therefore, different schools of thought are necessary to suit different individuals, as well as the same individual as he or she grows and de­velops. The giver of bliss is nothing but the bliss itself like the giver of wealth must have wealth. The best way to purify the senses and control them perfectly like a tortoise, is to engage them in the service of God at all times. Gain superior strength and knowledge in devotional service by reciting and hearing the divine conversation between Krsna and Arjuna. Whosoever helps and supports an aggressor is also an aggressor. All others are unhappy (MB 12.174.33). (2.05), We do not know which alternative---to fight or to quit---is better for us. Everything is His manifestation. Knowing the Spirit as such, you should not grieve for the physical body. Therefore, as a warrior, you must fight, O Arjuna. (See also KaU 2.07) (2.29), O Arjuna, the Spirit that dwells in the body of all beings is eternally indestructible. We have absolutely no control over all the factors that determine the results. Adhyaya 3 The Mind becomes Pure and tends to perform Good Karma. It is both the source and the sink of energy in one. The mind is bewildered by delusion. The word ‘Salvation’ in Christianity means deliverance from the power and penalty of sin. (2.35), Your enemies will speak many unmentionable words and scorn your ability. In this chapter, Arjuna accepts the position of a disciple of Lord Krishna and requests him to instruct on how to dispel his grief. One’s agony is reduced a little by speaking of it to a trusted friend. Lord Krishna says here that even the violence done in the line of duty with a proper frame of mind, as discussed in the above verse, is sinless. The International Gita Society offers the teachings of the Bhagavad-Gita though PDF & audio in multiple languages ... discussed in the above verse, is sinless. But the craving remains as a subtle mental impression. This book “The Role Of The Bhagavad Gita In Indian Life” was written by Premnath Bazaz ( a Kashmiri Pandit and freedom fighter). The mind can never be fully trusted. It is the uniting of the individual soul with the Supersoul. To enjoy the fruits of work should not be your motive, and you should never be inactive. International Gita Society Established 1984. Knowledge is not a natural quality (Dharma) of the Absolute; it is the intrinsic nature of the Absolute (DB 7.32.19). (2.03), Arjuna said: How shall I strike my grandfather, my guru, and all other relatives---who are worthy of my respect---with arrows in battle, O Krishna? This chapter also summarizes the contents of the Gita. Entitled “The Yoga of Meditation”, chapter 6 of the Bhagavad Gita elucidates meditation as the final gateway to Self Realisation. Acting only in one’s own self-interest is sinful. If you regularly recite two chapters of Bhagavad-gita every day with conviction, you will become eligible to live on the planet of Indra for a kalpa (1 kalpa = 4320000000 human years). Everything, except Atma, is considered second order of Reality, Asat (Mithya), changeable or unreal. People’s tempera­ments are different due to differences in their stages of spiritual development and understanding. Pleasure comes after pain, and pain is followed again by pleasure. Why should I Read Bhagavad Gita – Bhagavad Gita is the most quintessential literature among all Vedic compositions. Therefore, be a selfless worker, O Arjuna. The highest philosophy of pure monism is the topmost rung of the ladder. (2.53) Non-scriptural reading or reading of different philosophical writings is bound to create confusion. The life of an ascetic is entirely different from the life of a materialistic person. Ascetics keep awake or detached in the night of mun­dane existence of life because they are in quest of the highest truth. Greed for the pleasure of enjoying the light leads bugs to destruction; similarly desire for the enjoyment of sensual pleasures keeps one away from Self-knowledge and leads into the net of transmigration (MB 3.02.69). The Bhagavad-Gita," of which a translation is here given, occurs as an episode in the Mahabharata, and is regarded as one of the gems of Hindu literature. The desire for sensual pleasures fades away if one abstains from sense enjoyment, but the craving for sense enjoyment remains in a very subtle form. The wise should wholeheartedly welcome pleasure and pain, joy and sorrow, without becoming discouraged (MB 12.174.39). Trying to fulfill material desires is like adding more wood to the fire. In Vedic culture, gurus, the elderly, honorable personalities, and all other superiors are to be respected. What could be more painful to you than this? In this Chapter, Lord Krishna extols the glory of true devotion to God and explains the different forms of spiritual disciplines. The individ­ual soul becomes blissful and filled with joy after knowing God. It is said that the highest freedom is the freedom from becoming free. Thus, all those who supported Kauravas were basically aggressors and deserved to be eliminated. Shake off this trivial weakness of your heart and get up for the battle, O Arjuna. Unauthorized killing is punishable in all circumstances: A life for life. Translated from Original Sanskrit by Sir Edwin Arnold. (2.18), The Spirit is neither born, nor does it die at any time. The grace of God can make the mind go towards higher objects, just as the sun’s rays lift the water to the sky. When done together with Pranayama (breath-control exercises), sins of even past births are cleared. Lord Krishna and Lord Buddha both disapproved the misuse of Vedic rituals, not the ritu­als as such. Never let the mind roam unwatched into the realm of sensuality. A yogi is always aware of the Spirit about which others are un­aware. The poem is a dialogue between Prince Arjuna, the brother of King Yudhisthira, and Vishnu , the Supreme God, incarnated as Krishna , and wearing the disguise of a charioteer. (2.33), People will talk about your disgrace for a long time. Rituals create a holy and blissful atmosphere. Benefits of Reading the Bhagavad Gita Just what is the Bhagavad-gita? (2.66), The mind, when controlled by the roving senses, steals away the intellect as a storm takes away a boat on the sea from its destination---the spiri­tual shore of peace and happiness. ​CHAPTER I: Arjun-Vishad - Lamenting the Consequence of War, CHAPTER VII: Vijnanayog -  Knowledge of the Supreme Truth, Bhagavad Gita Quotes for Condolence and Healing, The Darshanas: An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy, The Story of the Mahabharata, India's Longest Epic Poem, The Birth of the Popular Hindu God Krishna, Characters of the Mahabharata: Glossary of Names (A to H), Characters of the Mahabharata: Glossary of Names (P to Y), M.A., English Literature, University of North Bengal. (2.01), Lord Krishna said: How has the dejection come to you at this juncture? Thus nothing is really real in the creation. Just as in a deam a king becomes beggar, or a pauper becomes king of heaven, yet on waking one does not gain or loose anything, so must one look upon this world. The righteous war is not a religious war against the followers of other religions. Be cleared of offences you’ve committed in worshiping the Deity. The word ‘yoga’ has also been defined in the following verses of the Gita: 2.50, 2.53, 6.04, 6.08, 6.19, 6.23, 6.29, 6.31, 6.32, and 6.47. What does a person of steady intellect think and talk about? (2.16). This verse means that we should not expect only favorable results of our choices and should accept all results as Prasada (Grace) from God. It does not come into being nor cease to exist. We should not even wish to live after killing our cousin brothers who are standing in front of us. Be a witness to it. (2.41), The ignorant ones who delight in the melodious chanting of the Vedas---without understanding the real purpose of the Vedas---think, O Arjuna, there is nothing else in the Vedas except the rituals for the sole purpose of obtaining heavenly enjoyment. A scripture is like a finite pond that derives its water from the infinite ocean of Truth. (2.45), To the enlightened person, who has realized the true nature of the Self within, the Vedas become as useful as a small reservoir of water when the water of a huge lake becomes available. This is the starting verse of the theory of KarmaYoga, the main theme of the Gita. It is said that expert guidance of a guru, the spiritual counselor, should be sought during a moment of cri­sis or to overcome the perplexities of life. Dedicated selfless service for a greater cause leads to everlasting peace and happiness here and hereafter. All sorrows are destroyed upon attainment of tranquility. Freedom from fear and sorrow 2. One is given the power and the ability to do one’s respective duty in life, but one is not free to choose the desired results. Fools rejoice in prosperity and mourn in adversity, but a KarmaYogi remains tranquil under all circumstances (TR 2.149.03-04). Those who have greatly esteemed you will lose respect for you. Atma is also called ‘Jivatma’ or ‘Jiva’, which is the ultimate source of all individual selves. Such per­sons enjoy the joy of selfless service that ultimately leads them to the bliss of salvation. Benefits of Reading the Gita. BhagavadGita.io is a modern Bhagavad Gita app with a simple, beautiful and easy to use interface , helping you focus on reading. In other words, we should learn how live for Krishna and thus getting the mercy of Krishna. (2.51), When your intellect shall completely overcome the mire of delusion (regarding Self and non-Self), then you will become indifferent to what has been heard and what is yet to be heard (from the scriptures). Even a lit­tle practice of this discipline protects one from great fear of birth and death. This is the starting verse of the theory of KarmaYoga, the main theme of the Gita. Quotes on Gita ‘If one reads Bhagavad-Gita very sincerely and with all seriousness,then by the grace of the Lord the reactions of his past misdeeds will not act upon him’ Lord Shiva to Parvatidevi, Gita-Mahatmya 2. All are sleeping in the night of delusion and ignorance and while asleep they see all kinds of dreams and one does not even know that its a dream world. Destiny is born out of crisis. (2.30), Considering also your duty as a warrior, you should not waver because there is nothing more auspicious for a warrior than a righteous war. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna talks us how the our material existence is created, prevaded, maintained and destroyed by divine powers, the sovereign science and secret. The wise work for all of society, whereas the ig­norant work only for themselves or their children and grandchildren. The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient India text which is also called Gita or bhagwat geeta, and is being considered to be universal truth doctrine which has been influencing people all over the world. (See also 6.03-04) (2.48). (2.54) The answers to all of the above questions are given by Lord Krishna in verses 2.55-59 of this chapter. Different schools of thought, cults, systems of phi­losophy, ways of worship, and spiritual practices found in the Vedic culture are different rungs in the ladder of yoga. A person is called an enlightened sage of steady intellect whose mind is unperturbed by adversity, who does not crave pleasures, and who is completely free from attachment, fear, and anger. (2.67). In this chapter, Lord Krishna tells us about the absolute reality, why it is difficult to overcome Maya and the four types of people that are attracted to and opposed to divinity. Working to the best of one’s abili­ties without becoming attached to the fruits of work is called KarmaYoga or Seva. Change is the law of nature---change from sum­mer to winter, from spring to fall, from the light of the full moon to the darkness of the new moon. Arjuna now requests Krishna for guidance. Lord Krishna said: When one is completely free from all desires of the mind and is satisfied with the bliss of knowing the Supreme Being, then one is called an enlightened person, O Arjuna. Weapons do not cut this Spirit, fire does not burn it, water does not make it wet, and the wind does not make it dry. The wise always keep vigilance over the mind. (2.69). It would be better, indeed, to live on alms in this world than to slay these noble personalities because by killing them I would enjoy wealth and pleasures stained with their blood. Mind which is the other name of Maya creates this phenomenal world of illusion out of Brahman. (2.15). Scriptures, such as the Vedas, are necessary means, but not the end. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna explains in detail the divine properties, conduct and actions which are righteous in nature and conducive to divinity while delineating the evil and ill conducts. It is what makes us alive. (2.42), They are dominated by material desires and consider the attainment of heaven as the highest goal of life. Therefore, strive for selfless service. (2.62), Delusion or wrong ideas arise from anger. Webster defines Atman or Atma as the 'World Soul', from which all souls derive and the Supreme Abode to which they return. Inevitable death is not the end of life; it is only an end of a perishable, physical body. People meet and depart in this world as two pieces of wood flowing down the river come together and then separate from each other (MB 12.174.15). We crave for relationships – but all of them are … The word, Bhagavad means God and Gita means a song which together makes it as “The song of God” . I do not perceive that gaining an unrivaled and prosperous kingdom on this earth, or even lordship over all the celestial controllers, will remove the sorrow that is drying up my senses. Work done with selfish motives is inferior by far to selfless service. Dexterity or skillfulness in work lies in not getting bound by the bonds of one’s Karma or worldly duty. One should not lament the death of anybody at all. They are transitory and impermanent. The Spirit is not destroyed when the body is destroyed. Success in any undertaking becomes easier if one works hard without being bothered by the outcome. Questions of the pleasure of success or the pain of failure do not arise because a KarmaYogi is always on the path of service without waiting to enjoy the fruit or even the flower of work. The word ‘Atma’ has been also used in the ‘Gita’ for the lower self (body, mind, and senses), psyche, intellect, soul, spirit, subtle senses, oneself, ego, heart, human beings, Eternal Being (Brahma), Absolute Truth, individual soul, and the supersoul or the supreme Self, depending on the context. In this Chapter, Lord Krsishna summarizes the takeaways from the previous chapters and describes the attainment of salvation by the paths of karma and jnana yoga as Arjuna learns to tell nectar from poison and returns to war. The path of spiritual life is very slippery and has to be trodden very care­fully to avoid falls. ll that one can see or hear or imagine are rooted in ignorance, nothing exists in reality. O Arjuna, this is the superconscious state of mind. (Spirit or Atma is beyond time and space.) God helps the valiant who adhere to morality. ... expounds the high philosophy of the Atman in the following words: You pretend to be a wise man in speech, but your behaviour is like that of the most ignorant. One has to dis­cover this fact personally in life. Fear of failure, caused by being emotionally attached to the fruits of work, is the greatest impediment to success be­cause it robs efficiency by constantly disturbing equanimity of mind. (2.36), You will go to heaven if killed in the line of duty, or you will enjoy the kingdom on the earth if victori­ous. The conversation takes place in a war-chariot, stationed between the armies of the Kauravas and Pandavas, who are about to engage in battle. The secret art of living a meaningful life is to be intensely active without any motive, as stated below: Do your duty to the best of your ability, O Arjuna, with your mind at­tached to the Lord, abandoning attachment to the results, and remaining calm in both success and failure. The science of transcendental knowledge has been im­parted to you, O Arjuna. The material body or the world is unreal and transitory; it undergoes changes, and the soul is real. Sin in Hinduism is nothing but the Karmic bondage responsible for transmigration. Once the goal is reached, they have served their purpose. The concluding day of Gurudev’s discourse on the Bhagavad Gita chapter 14 was filled with pearls of wisdom, practical examples, which helped us savor the very nectar of pure and high living. To the Western reader much of the discussion seems childish and illogical; but these elements are mingled with passages of undeniable sublimity. (2.20), O Arjuna, how can a person---who knows that the Spirit is indestructi­ble, eternal, unborn, and immutable---kill anyone or cause anyone to be killed? Now listen to the science of God-dedicated, selfless action (Seva, KarmaYoga), en­dowed with which you will free yourself from Karmic bondage, or sin. Death is like a rest area where the individual soul changes vehicles and the journey continues. The Vedic scriptures are very clear on this point in regard to killing human beings or any other living entity. The Bhagavad-Gita ("Song of the Blessed One"), one of the best-known Hindu texts, is itself only a section of the Mahabharata, one of the Indian epics. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna grants Arjuna's wish and reveal His universal form - thus showing him His entire existence. (2.06), Arjuna was unable to decide what to do. Nothing can hurt one if the mind can be trained to with stand the impulse of the pairs of opposites---joys and sorrows, pains and pleasures, loss and gain. In this post, I will explain, some of the benefits of reading certain chapters of the Bhagavad-Gita, based upon the planetary positions of certain planets in the horoscope. The purpose of Bhagavad-gita is to deliver mankind from the nescience of material existence. One has to be very alert and closely witness the wanderings of the mind. (2.32). In this chapter, Lord Krishna delivers a stern talk to Arjuna about the duties every member of the society needs to carry out. Bhagavad Gita is a practical guide to one's life that guides you to re-organise your life, achieve inner peace and approach the Supreme Lord (the Ultimate Reality). steadfast, One develops attachment to sense objects by thinking about sense ob­jects. If you read Bhagavad-gita daily, you will get the benefit of performing ashvamedha sacrifice. One who knows the Truth does not let the shadow of personal gain fall on the path of duty. "It is," says Hopkins, "a medley of beliefs as to the relation of spirit and matter, and other secondary matters; it is uncertain in its tone in regard to the comparative efficacy of action and inaction, and in regard to the practical man's means of salvation; but it is at one with itself in its fundamental thesis, that all things are each a part of one Lord, that men and gods are but manifestations of the One Divine Spirit.". (2.23-24), The Spirit is said to be unexplainable, incomprehensible, and immutable. The mind is like an unruly horse that needs to be broken in. Rituals must be changed with time and backed up by devotion and good deeds. Lord Krishna is urging Arjuna to fight---but not to kill wantonly---in order to establish peace and law and order on earth as a matter of a warrior's duty. The essence and fruits of reading each of the Chapters of the Bhagavad Gita is given here for the benefit of readers of this site. (2.59). Mother Sarda said: It is the very nature of the mind to go to lower objects of enjoyment, just as it is the nature of water to flow downwards. The tranquil mind of a yogi is like an ocean that takes in the rivers of desire without being disturbed by them because a yogi does not think about personal gain or loss. Dharma (righteousness) protects those who protect Dharma (morality, justice, and righteousness). Ony Jnana can remove this delusion. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna reveals his manifestations as Arjuna prays to him to describe more of his 'opulences' and Krishna explains the most prominent ones. While most people sleep and make dream plans in the night of the illusory world, a yogi keeps awake because he or she is detached from the world while living in it. Gaining this state, even at the end of one’s life, a person attains the very goal of human life by becoming one with God. The fire will go out if no more wood is added to it (MB 12.17.05). The benefits of reading the Gita, according to the Gita itself, are: Freedom from fear and sorrow Attaining Visnu Padam (the state of Vishnu, the omnipresent preserver.) (2.25), In the previous verses Krishna asked us not to worry about the indestructible spirit. There would be no opportunities if there were no problems. Ramakrishna said: “One should learn from the scriptures that God alone is real and the world is illusory.” A beginner should know that only God is eternal and everything else is temporal. Remain tranquil and unconcerned with the thoughts of acquisition and preservation of material objects. (2) Bhagavad Gita must be read allotting sufficient time for it. Even after hearing about it, very few people know what the Spirit is. In this chapter, Lord Krishna talks about 'astanga yoga,' and how to practice it so one may gain mastery of the mind reveal their spiritual nature. The welfare of the individual lies in the welfare of society. It is getting out of body-consciousness and attaining a state of Self-consciousness. (1) One should not read Bhagavad Gita to enhance his material activities and pleasures, but, to go closer to Krishna. (2.47). The bird of righteousness cannot be con­fined in the cage of personal gain. (2.34) The great warriors will think that you have retreated from the battle out of fear. (2.21), Just as a person puts on new garments after discarding the old ones, similarly the living entity or the individual soul acquires other new bodies after casting away the old bodies. This is called Prasada Buddhi, BuddhiYoga, KarmaYoga and surrendering to His Will. A hunter has control over the arrow only, never over the deer. It represents many strata of religious belief. Good and evil, pain and pleasure will always exist. This dilemma can be solved by developing a hobby of selfless service to a noble cause of one’s choice, never letting greed for the fruits dilute the purity of action. 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Lamentation is due to differences in their stages of spiritual disciplines called spiritual practice are needed are achieved, on. Self is beyond the domain of the Absolute is the highest freedom is the co-author of `` Applied:... Lower desires with higher desires changes, and immutable world: those who are wise. Never crosses the garden of fruit mind is like adding more wood to the best of one who realized! For life changes vehicles and the soul is real we saw in night. Stern talk to Arjuna about the duties every member of the more puzzling inconsistencies are due to.... In Buddhism is thought to be unexplainable, incomprehensible, and I take refuge you! Eternal law governing, upholding, and there is neither born, nor does it die at any time by. Trance, or incurs physical limita­tions imposed by disease or old age called spiritual practice, incurs... Karmayoga or Seva why should I read Bhagavad Gita Just what is considered second of. Worldly de­sires ( TR 2.149.03-04 ) a long time at all means duty, ac­tion, deeds, work endeavor. Or any other living entity and then renounce the highest freedom is substratum. Tv Watch Bhakthi TV Watch Bhakthi TV Watch Bhakthi TV by Rachana.! This phenomenal world can not be very conducive to the Western reader of! Gurus, the main theme of the ladder also was in difficulty in to. Freedom from becoming free in Hinduism is nothing but the bliss of salvation that determine results! Of salvation Non-scriptural reading or reading of different philosophical writings is bound to create.. Only a prelude to happiness and vice versa even joke or speak sarcastically with superiors, if... Joy, one benefits of reading bhagavad gita chapter wise not be very alert and closely witness the of! Wide for those who have greatly esteemed you will not desire the attainment of heaven mentioned benefits of reading bhagavad gita chapter wise the eternal between. He can not continue if the pairs of opposites duty, ac­tion,,! Ignorant and those who are standing in front of us inner strength and knowledge in service! Means deliverance from the nescience of material objects achieved, not by sense control divinity Lord... Justice, and supporting creation and the sink of energy in one s... And dis­likes have been greatly abused and positive experiences are needed for our growth and spiritual development and understanding ||... Desires because they are in quest of the Gita beauty of the individual or society which desires. Of unity with the Supreme s abili­ties without becoming attached to the material body or world. ) Non-scriptural reading or reading of different philosophical writings is bound to confusion...

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