Download Full PDF Package. ... Introduction The importance of cowpea in bridging the food gap in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Keywords: Cowpea, FYM, vermicompost, neem cake, Rhizobium and PSB Introduction Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops cultivated in Kharif as well as summer season and belongs to family Fabaceae. Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. This will lead to increased demand for cowpea and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health of consumers. seed, young leaves or seed and pod. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. 7. Planned Project Activities for April 1, 2009 - September 30, 2010 It is probably native of -eye pea and it is grown as Aphids which were one of the most important pests of cowpea at Katumani preferred to colonize Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various food preparations [9]. The local varieties KAT 1, KAT 2 and KAK 1 constantly performed well producing higher yields than the exotic varieties except VITA 4. Its few pests consist of aphids and stink bugs and its one cultural problem is that it does not like 'wet feet'. A number of the plant parts could be important, i.e. Cowpea is the most important pulse in tropical Africa, and it is grown from along tbe southern fringes of the S3bara from the west coast to East Africa and southwards. transforming cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part of healthy diet. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. ˙ Cowpea Assessment of Adoption and Impact in the Dry Savannah of West Africa ... practitioners important considerations and possibilities for speeding up and widening the impact of this technology. First, it is a flexible technology that is appreciated by, and will The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. The cowpea is a great plant that can survive and thrive in a broad range of conditions. Mean seed yield of the ten varieties of cowpea used differed significantly between treated and untreated cowpea plots. Walp.) Exact figures on area cultivated for cowpeas in Africa are not available because of lack of reliable statistical enumeration. CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS Temperature Cowpeas grow best during summer. It likes long, hot summers but can be successfully grown in … Every Nigerian eats cowpea and the per capita consumption is about 25kg to 30kg per annum (Falusi 1997). The base temperature for germination is 8,5 °C and for leaf growth 20 °C. What is considered essential part of the plant in cowpea would be determined by the intended end use of the plant. It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). 2.1 Importance of cowpea and its distribution. … : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. Cowpea is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family (Wiersema & León 1999). It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. 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