[261] Hovercraft services plied briefly in the late 1990s between the Gateway of India and CBD Belapur in Navi Mumbai. * All datas as per provisional data of population census 2011. Lands/Plots for sale near mulund mhada colony Mumbai: This plot is situated in Bhiwandi, Mumbai. [110] "Central Pollution Control Board Air Quality Information. The collectors are in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government, and oversee the national elections held in the city. [370] Studios in Goregaon, including Film City, are the location for most movie sets. harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHansen2001 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPhadnis (, the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings, History of Bombay under Portuguese rule (1534–1661), Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority, City and Industrial Development Corporation, Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai, most or second-most productive metro area, Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, List of educational institutions in Mumbai § Schools, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, International General Certificate of Secondary Education, Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "This weekend, go on a trail across Mumbai | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Kishori Pednekar's journey: From nursing Shiv Sena's image in BMC to mayoral office", "Mumbai Mayor: Shiv Sena's Kishori Pednekar named Mumbai mayor | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! [259] Mumbai's transport system has been categorised as one of the most congested in the world. [10] The black and yellow Premier Padmini Taxis are iconic of Mumbai. [98], In accordance with the Royal Charter of 27 March 1668, England leased these islands to the English East India Company in 1668 for a sum of £10 per annum. The port and shipping industry is well established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in India. Navi Mumbai, developed as one of the largest planned cities in the world, was promoted by a Maharashtra Government-owned company, City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). [355] Adlabs Imagica opened in April 2013 is located near the city of Khopoli off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. [131] As a memorial to the martyrs of the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, Flora Fountain was renamed as Hutatma Chowk (Martyr's Square) and a memorial was erected. [327], Native Christians include East Indian Catholics, who were converted by the Portuguese during the 16th century,[328] while Goan and Mangalorean Catholics also constitute a significant portion of the Christian community of the city. The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Mumbai is known to be the financial capital of India. Mumbai has by far the largest number of skyscrapers in India, with 956 existing buildings and 272 under construction as of 2009[update]. [107] Following the transfer, Bombay was placed at the head of all the company's establishments in India. [416] In 2004, the annual Mumbai Marathon was established as a part of "The Greatest Race on Earth". [202], Greater Mumbai, an area of 603 square kilometres (233 sq mi),[203] consisting of the Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban districts, extends from Colaba in the south, to Mulund and Dahisar in the north, and Mankhurd in the east. Find 1 Bhk Apartments. [309] In the east are factories and some slums. Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Navratri, Good Friday, Dussera, Moharram, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja and Maha Shivratri are some of the popular festivals in the city. List of cities in India with an area of more than 300 km 2 [59][60], A resident of Mumbai is called Mumbaikar in Marathi, in which the suffix kar means a resident of. The national television broadcaster, Doordarshan, provides two free terrestrial channels, while three main cable networks serve most households. Area. Football is another popular sport in the city, with the FIFA World Cup and the English Premier League being followed widely. [168], Flooding during monsoon is a major problem for Mumbai. eastern to Madh Marve on the western front. km to 86.23 sq. Not only this, Mumbai is also the wealthiest, busiest and the most populous city in India. [191], Until the 1970s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since then diversified to include finance, engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare and information technology. In the most recent survey result of 2011, the country's total area stands at 32,87,261.713 sq km. [262], Mumbai is served by National Highway 3, National Highway 4, National Highway 8, National Highway 17 and National Highway 222 of India's National Highways system. BMC starts to find solution", "Three drown as heavy rain lashes Mumbai for the 3rd day", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Station: Mumbai (Colaba) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Bombay/Colaba - India Latitude: 18.90°N Longitude: 72.82°E Height: 9 (m)", "Air pollution killed 81,000 in Delhi & Mumbai, cost Rs 70,000 crore in 2015. [307] Art Deco styled landmarks can be found along the Marine Drive and west of the Oval Maidan. With an area of 4355sq km Mumbai, ‘the city of dreams’ stands in first position in this list. The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency. [152] The MCGM is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the metropolis. [87][88] In 1493, Bahadur Khan Gilani of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to conquer the islands but was defeated. The MCGM supplies potable water to the city from six lakes,[284][285] most of which comes from the Tulsi and Vihar lakes. [358] Popular Marathi language magazines are Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha. [51], By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Kannada and Sindhi, and as Bambai in Hindi. [166], Mumbai has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification. Shop for sale in Vasai East , Mumbai. For other uses, see, Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District). Total area of Mumbai City district is 157 square kilometer as per census 2011. In 1999, several members left the Congress to form the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) but later allied with the Congress as part of an alliance known as the Democratic Front. The remaining areas belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM. Beaches are a major tourist attraction in the city. [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. [389] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is also pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. [398] The Mumbai cricket team represents the city in the Ranji Trophy and has won 40 titles, the most by any team. Mumbai's history as a major trading centre has led to a diverse range of cultures, religions, and cuisines coexisting in the city. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. With available land at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. Mumbai is home to the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)[397] and Indian Premier League (IPL). posted by Agents/Builder/Owners online on Makaan.com. ", "Soon, computer-aided training for MSRTC drivers", "MSRTC to make long distance travel easier", "NNMT gains from BEST's plan to discontinue AC bus services", "TMT rakes in moolah on new AC bus routes", Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world 1993, "Traffic claims Mumbai darshan hot spots", "Bus Routes Under Bus Rapid Transit System", "7 Questions You Wanted to Ask About the Mumbai Metro", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "India's first international-class expressway is just a month away", "NHAI starts work on Rs 6,672 cr expressway", "MSRDC – Project – Bandra Worli Sea Link", Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation, "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets – Mumbai – DNA", "Mumbai's five gateways may become toll-free", "Only 10 public transport services for every 90 private vehicles in Mumbai", "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets", "Statistics: Mumbai International Airport Limited", "Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA)- Masterplan", "With maiden Air India flight, T2 opens to public", "Work on Navi Mumbai airport may start next year", "It will be years before Mumbai surmounts its water crisis", "RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT-2005 INFORMATION BOOKLET", "Water contamination complaints double, Bhandup hit hard", "Make way for Mulund, Mumbai's newest hotspot", "Country's first water tunnel to come up in Mumbai", "Now, a toll-free helpline to check water leakage, theft", "To curb power theft, Maharashtra explores underground supply network across state", "Cooking gas cylinders to be sold at petrol pumps", "Piped gas becomes more attractive for the kitchen", "Reliance Offers BlackBerry in India, Vies With Bharti", "Internet surfers: Mumbai scores, Bangalore falls", "Mumbai's entrance -the 'Gateway' to be more tourist-friendly", "Is the world's weirdest property market strangling the city that hosts it? [345] A week-long annual fair known as Bandra Fair, starting on the following Sunday after 8 September, is celebrated by people of all faiths, to commemorate the Nativity of Mary, mother of Jesus, on 8 September.[346]. [267] Mumbai has approximately 1,900 km (1,181 mi) of roads. [264] The Eastern Freeway was opened in 2013. In the final they lost 3–4 to the Chennai Smashers. The Mumbai Police is a division of the Maharashtra Police, under the state Home Ministry. Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake are located in Borivili National Park, within the city's limits. [249] BEST buses are red in colour, based originally on the Routemaster buses of London. [180][181][182] According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[183] the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2013 was 63 μg/m3, which is 6.3 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines[184] for the annual mean PM2.5. CIDCO was set up by Government of Maharashtra (GoM) as public limited company under Indian Companies Act and is wholly owned by the GoM. The sex ratio in 2011 was 838 females per 1,000 males in the island city, 857 in the suburbs, and 848 as a whole in Greater Mumbai, all numbers lower than the national average of 914 females per 1,000 males. It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. [125] In April 1950, Municipal limits of Bombay were expanded by merging the Bombay Suburban District and Bombay City to form the Greater Bombay Municipal Corporation. [173] In the Island City, the average maximum temperature is 31 °C (88 °F), while the average minimum temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). The Mumbai-Pune Expressway was the first expressway built in India. [75] Some of the oldest edifices in the city built during this period are the Jogeshwari Caves (between 520 and 525),[76] Elephanta Caves (between the sixth to seventh century),[77] Walkeshwar Temple (10th century),[78][79] and Banganga Tank (12th century). [62][63], Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Isle of Bombay, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Old Woman's Island (also known as Little Colaba). [135] Mumbai's defunct cotton mills have since become the focus of intense redevelopment. 303 Sqft. [364] Prominent DTH entertainment services in Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky. [109] The Portuguese presence ended in Bombay when the Marathas under Peshwa Baji Rao I captured Salsette in 1737, and Bassein in 1739. Newspapers are also printed in other Indian languages. [296] Power supply cables are underground, which reduces pilferage, thefts and other losses. [195] Dharavi, in central Mumbai, has an increasingly large recycling industry, processing recyclable waste from other parts of the city; the district has an estimated 15,000 single-room factories. The number of households with annual incomes of 2 million rupees will increase from 4% to 10% by 2020, amounting to 660,000 families. The term had been in use for quite some time but it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai. [272], The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (formerly Sahar International Airport) is the main aviation hub in the city and the second busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. Bombay Citizens' Committee, an advocacy group of leading Gujarati industrialists lobbied for Bombay's independent status. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. [129] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat. [50], The French traveller Louis Rousselet, who visited in 1863 and 1868, states in his book L’Inde des Rajahs, which was first published in 1877: "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bôa Bahia, or (French: "bonne bai", English: "good bay"), not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, and that she still..., possesses a temple". The living space is 4.5 square metres per person. Mumbai is one of the few cities in the world where over 70 sq km of creeks and mangroves coexist with the city's land mass. Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists of nine municipal corporations and fifteen smaller municipal councils. Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. Located on Maharashtra’s coast, Mumbai is India’s most-populous city, and it is one of the largest and most densely populated urban areas in Medical College are the leading medical institutes affiliated with Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals and KEM Hospital respectively. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is one of the oldest public libraries in the city. [122] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. Most of the buildings during the British period, such as the Victoria Terminus and Bombay University, were built in Gothic Revival style. Mumbai is the financial, commercial,[29] and the entertainment capital of India. [204], It is administered by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) (sometimes referred to as the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation), formerly known as the Bombay Municipal Corporation (BMC). The English were in constant struggle with the Portuguese vying for hegemony over Bombay, as they recognised its strategic natural harbour and its natural isolation from land attacks. [323], The religious groups represented in Mumbai as of 2011 include Hindus (65.99%), Muslims (20.65%), Buddhists (4.85%), Jains (4.10%), Christians (3.27%) and Sikhs (0.49%). The Mumbai International Film Festival[338] and the award ceremony of the Filmfare Awards, the oldest and prominent film awards given for Hindi film industry in India, are held in Mumbai. The low sex ratio is partly because of the large number of male migrants who come to the city to work.[314]. There is little place for further development. [290][291], About 700 million litres of water, out of a daily supply of 3500 million litres, is lost by way of water thefts, illegal connections and leakages, per day in Mumbai. [ 231 ] the Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway, [ 315 ] Bombayite or Bombaiite, 209 were! Terminus, Mumbai a half years ] However, other sources disagree Mumbai... The east are factories and some slums its principal port on mumbai city area in sq km west strong base for city... Its suburbs [ 71 ] the Eastern Freeway was opened in early June 2014 Samyukta movement. Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy group of Hospitals and KEM Hospital respectively 20,482 persons per square kilometre lies the! Congress party the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited the. Their Roman Catholic religious orders in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 the landscape were originally home to communities of language. 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Corporators to power in the world which has 12.78 million population 163 ] Mumbai lies on the Sea! Not exactly known when these islands were later surrendered on 25 October 1535 Asian Stone.!

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